Using Public Health Data to Protect Workers in the Oil and Gas Extraction Industry

  Oil and gas extraction (OGE) workers play an important role in supporting the U.S. economy. In 2021, 326,160 workers were employed by OGE companies to help meet U.S. energy needs.1 This work is not done without risk. Workers in the OGE industry regularly face hazardous exposures such as flammable and toxic gases and vapors, and high-risk environments such as working at heights, around heavy equipment, below suspended loads, with explosive materials, and around pressurized lines and vessels. In addition, well sites are temporary worksites, creating highly dynamic work conditions and hazards. This workforce faces elevated occupational fatality rates that