Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – India (03): (OR) elephant, susp

Anthrax -- IndiaForest officials found on [Tue 12 Mar 2019] [decomposed] carcasses of 2 female elephants in Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary in the district. The death of the 2 elephants is suspected to be caused by anthrax. The carcasses were reportedly found within a distance of about 200m in the sanctuary following which the forest department officials informed their higher-ups.Later, the regional chief conservator of forest (RCCF) and assistant conservator of forest (ACF), Kuldiha reached the spot Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (10): Americas, USA (SC) goat, human exposure

Rabies -- United StatesNine people were referred to doctors after possibly being exposed to rabies by a goat, according to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC). Officials said the potential exposures happened when the victims were handling the goat on property in Anderson County. The goat was submitted to DHEC for lab testing on 8 Mar 2019. Results from the testing confirmed that the goat had rabies.DHEC said the goat is the 3rd animal in Anderson County to test Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Tanzania (05): (KL) vaccination plan

Anthrax -- TanzaniaThe government has said that anthrax has been contained in Arusha, Kilimanjaro and Manyara regions, where 3 people died. The director of Livestock Services in the Ministry of Livestock & Fisheries, Dr Hezron Nonga, told reporters that meat from Longido and Moshie butcheries was safe.Some 28 livestock head and 169 wildlife head were infected in Arusha and Kilimanjaro. "There have been quarantines in slaughterhouses where anthrax has been reported. Any transport of livestock Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal – Nigeria (02): fatal, sg C, 2018-9

Meningitis - Neisseria -- Nigeria- This is the 12th situation report for 2018/2019 season.- The National Cerebrospinal Meningitis Emergency Operations Centre has been monitoring cases and ensuring preparedness and coordination of response across the states.- States in the meningitis belt were formally placed on alert on 8 Nov 2018.- As at epi week 9 [ending Sat 2 Mar 2019] 9 new suspected cases were reported.- Beginning from 1 Oct 2018 to 5 Mar 2019, a total of 285 suspected cases have been reported Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (09): Americas, USA (NY) raccoon, alert

Rabies -- United StatesRabid raccoons have been discovered in Manhattan for the 1st time since 2011, leading the health department to warn residents to keep a close eye on their pets in and around an Inwood park. Of the rabies-stricken animals, 4 were found in Inwood Hill Park since January [2019], officials said. Parks Department workers quickly began hanging signs in the park, warning residents to keep their pets away from any raccoons in the area."Rabies is a serious illness that poses a danger Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Chronic wasting disease – USA (07): (MN) deer

Chronic Wasting Disease -- United StatesFor Minnesota, the threat of chronic wasting disease (CWD) is starting to get real. Winona county had its 1st confirmed case of the deadly deer disease this winter [2018-2019] near Pickwick, and an ongoing outbreak near Preston in Fillmore County may be slowly spreading.Far from Southeast Minnesota, the recent discovery of a CWD-positive wild deer north of Brainerd, MN got the rest of the state's attention, not to mention University of Minnesota experts raising Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease – North Korea: cattle, susp, RFI

Foot and Mouth -- North KoreaIn the wake of the South Korean government's battle to prevent the spread of foot and mouth disease [FMD] following an outbreak in 3 farmhouses in the cities of Anseong and Chungju earlier this year [2019], North Korean livestock industry insiders have reported to Daily NK that North Korea is also struggling with a nationwide spread of the disease outbreak that began in the middle of January [2019].Multiple sources across 3 regions of North Korea reported that FMD outbreaks Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (34): Saudi Arabia (RI,HS)

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the past 48 hours since the last update [MERS-CoV (33): Saudi Arabia (RI, SH, AS) EMRO, WHO update], there have been 3 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported from Saudi Arabia. In addition, 3 outcomes were reported in previously confirmed cases.Information on newly confirmed cases (3)[1]Date of confirmation report: 11 Mar 2019Case No: 19-1876MERS in Wadi Aldwasir city: 60 year old male in Wadi Aldwasir city, Riyadh Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Bluetongue – Europe (05): France, cattle, BTV-8, congenital, Belgium, susp

Bluetongue -- FranceSince mid-December 2018, cases of calves born blind, puny and dying in a few days have been reported in different departments in continental France. Since January 2019, the number of reported cases has increased considerably. According to analyses carried out in departmental laboratories (positive PCR on calf blood samples) and in the Maisons-Alfort animal health laboratory of the LNR-ANSES [Laboratoire nationale de référence - Agence nationale de sécurité Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague – Uganda: Congo DR border, pneumonic, fatal

Plague -- UgandaA deadly form of plague has broken out on Uganda's border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, and several people are thought to have died of the disease, WHO has said. The agency praised Ugandan health workers for vigilance and prompt action in spotting a suspected outbreak of pneumonic plague, which WHO says is usually fatal unless detected early and treated with antimicrobials.Uganda's Health Ministry reported 2 probable cases of the illness in Zombo district on 5 Mar 2019 after Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Bluetongue – Egypt: (BH) cattle, st 4, OIE, RFI

Bluetongue -- EgyptInformation received 11 Mar 2019 from Dr Mahmoud Mohamed Ali Abdelhakim, chief researcher, CVO and chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Giza, EgyptSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 30 Aug 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Mar 2019Report date: 10 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 1974Manifestation of Read more [...]

PRO/ALL> New in IJID (03): March 2019

Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownEffectiveness of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against vaccine-type invasive pneumococcal disease in Pakistan. Atif Riaz, Syed Mohiuddin, Sara Husain, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Muhammad Sajid, Furqan Kabir, et al.Int J Infect Dis. 2019; 80 (March): 28-33.Surgical site infection in elective clean and clean-contaminated surgeries in developing countries.Daniel Curcio, Alejandro Cane, Francisco Fernandez, Jorge Correa.Int J Infect Dis. 2019; 80 (March): Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Cutaneous & renal glomerular vasculopathy, canine – UK (01): (England) spread

Other Animal Disease -- United KingdomThree more cases of cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (CRGV), commonly known as Alabama rot, have been confirmed in the United Kingdom. The new cases of the mystery canine disease have been confirmed in Atherton (Greater Manchester), and Redhill and Woldingham (Surrey), by Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists. In total, the UK has seen 184 confirmed cases across 38 counties since 2012, with 52 cases in 2018 and 9 in 2019 so far.Symptoms of CRGV include Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Classical swine fever – Japan (04): (GF,AI) wild boar, oral vaccination

Classical Swine Fever -- JapanBoth Gifu and Aichi prefecture governments launched a council by stakeholders on 8 Mar 2019 to prevent the spread of classic swine fever [CSF]. Both prefectures established a general assembly meeting on the same day and announced plans for the oral vaccination spraying to wild boar. Gifu prefecture will be set up in 900 locations from [25 Mar 2019]; Aichi prefecture will be set up in 60 locations starting in late March [2019].Gifu prefecture established the "Prefectural Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Kyasanur Forest disease – India (10): (KA) tick surveillance

Kyasanur Forest Disease -- IndiaThe Health Department on [Thu 7 Mar 2019] began surveillance activities at Chikkabasavanahalli near Hassan [district, Karnataka state], where the virus causing Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD), also known as monkey fever, has been traced to a tick pool. Senior officials of the department visited the village and distributed DMP [dimethyl phthalate] oil, which acts as a repellent for ticks, to all 184 households. The locals have been asked to apply the liquid on their legs Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Acute flaccid myelitis – North America (03): USA

Not Yet Classified -- United StatesThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] has posted a map showing as of 1 Mar [2019] which states have confirmed cases to date for 2018 of the polio-like disease acute flaccid myelitis [AFM]. The latest CDC update on AFM shows 2 confirmed cases -- one in North Carolina and one in Utah -- out of 15 reports of patients under investigation so far in 2019. The Utah case is new since CDC's previous update on 15 Feb [2019].The update also shows that there Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (33): Saudi Arabia (RI, SH, AS) EMRO, WHO update

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the past 72 hours since the last update [MERS-CoV (32): Saudi Arabia (RI, AS) ] there have been a total of 5 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection and 2 newly reported recoveries.Information on newly confirmed cases (5):[1]Date of confirmation report: 8 Mar 2019Case no.: 19-1871MERS in Wadi Aldwasir city: 85-year-old male in Wadi Aldwasir city, Riyadh region [originally reported as still under investigation, classification changed on 10 Mar 2019]Contact with camels: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Barmah Forest virus – Australia (02): (TS) comment

Other Human Disease — Australia

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine rhinopneumonitis – Norway: (HO) EHV-1, horse, OIE

Equine Herpes Virus -- NorwayInformation received on [and dated] 08 Mar /2019 from Dre Kristina Landsverk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Norwegian Food Safety Authority, Norwegian Food Safety Authority, Brumunddal, NorwaySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 25 Feb 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 27 Feb 2019Report date: 8 Mar 2019Date submitted to OIE: 8 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 2006Manifestation Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (27): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, Butembo, summary, WHO, research

Ebola -- DR Congo- Since the start of vaccination on 8 Aug 2018, 86 808 persons have been vaccinated [see source URL for numbers vaccinated from each location].--Communicated by:ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall- Sat 9 Mar 2019. Epidemiological situation report, DRC Ministry of Health[in French, machine trans., abridged, edited]The epidemiological situation of the Ebola virus disease in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri dated 8 Mar 2019:- Since the beginning of the epidemic, the Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Equine influenza – UK (06): (England) horse, spread

Equine Influenza -- United KingdomThe current outbreak of equine flu remains an ongoing concern with 5 new cases having been confirmed by the Animal Health Trust (AHT) during the first 7 days of March [2019]. The AHT has reported confirmed cases of the virus in Suffolk, Staffordshire and 3 cases at separate premises in Sussex, both in vaccinated and unvaccinated horses.Yesterday [7 Mar 2019] a case was confirmed in Sussex in an unvaccinated non-thoroughbred that had been imported from Ireland. An Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium – UK: sheep, human, lamb & mutton, t5. 3225 strain

Salmonella -- United KingdomAn agency in the United Kingdom has released more information about a potential new strain of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Typhimurium in sheep behind almost 300 human illnesses and one death.The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) has been investigating 2 incidents of salmonella in sheep flocks with associated human cases. In both flocks, there were high levels of mortality in groups of cull ewes bought from various livestock markets for fattening prior to slaughter.Cases Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Americas (05): Brazil, CDC advisory

Yellow Fever — Brazil

PRO/AH/EDR> Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease – Taiwan: (TT) shrimp, OIE

Other Animal Disease -- ChinaInformation received on [and dated] 5 Mar 2019 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese TaipeiSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 25 Nov 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Mar 2019Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseManifestation of disease: Clinical diseaseCausal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus – North America (03): USA (WA) horse

Equine Herpes Virus -- United StatesOne horse, a gelding, in Snohomish County, Washington, was confirmed with equine herpesvirus (EHV), according to a report from the Washington Department of Agriculture on the Equine Disease Communication Center.The 11-year-old warmblood gelding had onset of clinical signs on 1 Mar 2019, and confirmation of EHV was reported on 5 Mar 2019. Those signs included intermittent fever. The gelding was vaccinated and now is recovering.[Byline: Kimberly S. Brown]--Communicated Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia – Canada: (SK) horses

Equine Infectious Anemia -- CanadaThe Canadian Animal Health Surveillance System (CAHSS) Equine Surveillance Network reported 27 Feb 2019 that 5 horses in Saskatchewan tested positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA). "On [22 Feb 2019], positive EIA results were confirmed by the CFIA's (Canadian Food Inspection Agency's) national reference laboratory for 4 horses located on a premises in the rural municipality of Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan," the CAHSS said in an alert on its website. "The horses Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – USA (10): (NJ)

Hepatitis A -- United StatesNew Jersey health officials are warning about an outbreak of hepatitis A that's hit 3 counties hard, but it has also popped up in some unexpected places elsewhere, including a Dunkin' Donuts. The state Department of Health has supplied hundreds of vaccines to several health departments to immunize uninsured or underinsured individuals at risk of the liver disease, according to a department release.Anyone can get hepatitis A, but recently, 3 counties have reported increased Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Nerve agent poisoning – UK: (England) Novichok, decontaminated

Poisoning -- United KingdomSalisbury has been declared free from the nerve agent Novichok almost a year after the Sergei Skripal poisoning. The former Russian spy's house and 11 other potentially contaminated sites were ruled safe on Friday [1 Mar 2019].Deputy assistant commissioner Dean Haydon said: "I am conscious someone may have information but is worried about telling us a year on." Mr. Skripal and his daughter Yulia were targeted in the Novichok attack and Army Lt. Gen. Ty Urch said it had Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (26): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, summary, WHO, response

Ebola -- DR Congo- There appears to be a lack of understanding of the role of law enforcement in Ebola-affected areas. Police and the military are not involved in Ebola response activities and their role has never been to force compliance with sanitary measures.- Given the numerous security incidents against the agents of the response but also against the families and members of the community who adhere to the response, the Ministry of Health asked the Ministry of the Interior to ensure the security Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Tetanus – USA: (OR) unvaccinated child, 2017

Tetanus -- United StatesTetanus is an acute neuromuscular disease caused by the bacterium _Clostridium tetani_. Bacterial spores found in soil can enter the body through skin disruption, with subsequent onset of clinical illness ranging from 3 to 21 days (usually within 8 days). In 2017, a boy aged 6 years who had received no immunizations sustained a forehead laceration while playing outdoors on a farm; the wound was cleaned and sutured at home. 6 days later, he had episodes of crying, jaw clenching, Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Ramularia leaf spot, barley – UK: new strains

Other Plant Disease -- United KingdomRamularia leaf spot has been making its presence felt in both winter and spring barley crops across the UK, with yield losses as high as 0.5 t/ha. When symptoms finally show late in the season, they are often mistaken for less-damaging diseases. Ramularia is hard to predict, tricky to identify and difficult to control. The cost of the disease to the barley industry has been estimated at GBP 10 m/year [about USD 13 m/year].Neil Havis, Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycoplasma gallisepticum, avian – Swaziland: (MA) poultry, OIE

Other Animal Disease -- SwazilandInformation received on [and dated] 7 Mar 2019 from Dr. Roland Xolani Dlamini, director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Mbabane, SwazilandSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 13 Dec 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Feb 2019Report date: 7 Mar 2019Date submitted to OIE: 7 Mar 2019Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseManifestation of disease: Read more [...]

PRO/AH> African swine fever – Europe (14): Belgium (LX) wild boar, spread, OIE

African Swine Fever -- BelgiumInformation received on [and dated] 4 Mar 2019 from Dr Jean-Francois Heymans, director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, BelgiumSummaryReport type: follow-up report no. 24Date of start of the event: 9 Sep 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Sep 2018Report date: 4 Mar 2019Date submitted to OIE: 4 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax toxin letters – Tunisia (02): (TU) source identified, purpose?

Anthrax -- TunisiaTunisia's Criminal Court on terrorism cases in the capital's Court of Appeal has sentenced 31 people to death over the 2014 terrorist attack on the house of former Interior Minister Lotfi Ben Jeddou. Among the 31 suspects are Seifallah Ben Hassine, known as Abu Ayyad, an associate of late al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden and founder of the militant group Ansar al-Sharia. He is also the main suspect in a series of terrorist acts, including the assassination of Tunisian leftist Chokri Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (04): Asia (Yemen) WHO

Cholera -- YemenThe Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported 7419 suspected cases of cholera with 8 associated deaths during epidemiological week 5 of 2019 (28 Jan-3 Feb 2019). Ten percent of cases are severe. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 Jan 2018 to 3 Feb 2019 is 413 770, with 543 associated deaths (CFR 0.13%). Children under 5 represent 32% of all suspected cases. The outbreak has affected 22 of 23 governorates and 311 of 333 districts in Yemen.From Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Respiratory fatal disease, equid: Burkina Faso, Niger, strangles suspected, RFI

Respiratory Illness — Burkina Faso

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Americas (04): PAHO/WHO, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru

Yellow Fever -- BoliviaSituation summary in the AmericasIn 2019, 3 countries in the region of the Americas (Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru) have reported confirmed yellow fever cases occurring between December 2018 and February 2019.In 2018, there were 5 countries and territories in the region of the Americas that reported confirmed cases of yellow fever: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, and Peru.The following provides a situation summary of the countries that reported confirmed yellow fever Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (32): Saudi Arabia (RI, AS)

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the past 48 hours since the last update (MERS-CoV (31): Saudi Arabia (RI, MK), there have been a total of 3 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection and one recovery reported by Saudi Arabia.Information on newly confirmed MERS-CoV infections (3):[1]Date of confirmation report: 6 Mar 2019Case no.: 19-1868MERS in Wadi Aldwasir city: 45-year-old female in Wadi Aldwasir city, Riyadh regionContact with camels: noCase Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (19): Nigeria cVDPV2, Pakistan WPV1 environmental samples

Polio -- NigeriaNew wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2019: 6Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 33New cVDPV cases reported this week: 1Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2019: 1Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2018: 104HeadlinesSummary of new viruses this week: - Pakistan - 2 WPV1-positive environmental samples; - Nigeria - 1 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) case.Afghanistan- No Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (11): Argentina (CH)

Hantavirus — Argentina