Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Mayaro virus – Americas (02): Brazil (RJ)

Other Human Disease -- BrazilA new threat to public health haunts the state of Rio de Janeiro: Scientists at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) have discovered that a virus with symptoms similar to those of the chikungunya virus [infection] may precipitate an epidemic in the Southeast.Both have similar characteristics, such as disabling intense joint pains that last for months. There is no vaccine or any specific treatment.Laboratory tests have shown that the Mayaro virus can be transmitted Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – USA (03): proactive surveillance

African Swine Fever -- United StatesThe US Department of Agriculture (USDA) within weeks will begin testing sick and dead pigs for a hog virus that has killed herds across Asia in an effort to minimize devastation if the disease enters the USA, the agency said on Thursday [16 May 2019].Increased testing aims to help US officials detect cases of African swine fever quickly so they can contain the disease. African swine fever kills almost all pigs infected, though it is not harmful to people. There Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease – USA (10): (CA) biosecurity

Newcastle Disease -- United StatesAs agriculture officials ramp up the battle against the poultry-killing Newcastle disease outbreak in Southern California, state Veterinarian Annette Jones has issued a directive that state, county and city workers avoid poultry areas in an effort reduce spread of the highly contagious virus. When such visits are unavoidable because of a public-health threat, a strict protocol -- including biosecurity clothing -- is detailed in the guidelines issued by Jones last Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Braenderup & Montevideo – USA: live poultry

Salmonella -- United StatesCDC and public health officials in several states are investigating multistate outbreaks of _Salmonella_ Braenderup and _Salmonella_ Montevideo infections linked to contact with backyard poultry.Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of these outbreaks. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting is performed on _Salmonella_ bacteria isolated from Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (21): USA (WA)

Hantavirus -- United StatesA Grant County resident is recovering from hantavirus pulmonary syndrome [HPS], the 1st case of hantavirus [infection] in the state this year [2019]. The hantavirus illness was confirmed by laboratory testing on Friday [10 May 2019] at the state Public Health Laboratory. The individual is expected to survive and is recovering at home.Hantavirus [causes] a rare illness caused by a virus found in the urine, droppings, and saliva of infected rodents. Deer mice are the only Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – USA (19): (KY)

Hepatitis A -- United StatesThe death toll has risen to 57 in Kentucky's hepatitis A outbreak, which has fallen from its peak but still hasn't been wrestled under control, according to the state's latest weekly report. Kentucky's deaths account for one-third of what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said are at least 170 deaths nationally from hepatitis A outbreaks, which since 2016 have spread to 22 states, largely among the homeless population and drug users. The contagious liver disease Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax (02): global, model map

Anthrax -- Worldwide/Unknown_Bacillus anthracis_ is a spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium responsible for anthrax, an acute infection that most significantly affects grazing livestock and wild ungulates, but also poses a threat to human health. The geographic extent of _B. anthracis_ is poorly understood, despite multi-decade research on anthrax epizootic and epidemic dynamics; many countries have limited or inadequate surveillance systems, even within known endemic regions. Here, we compile a Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Black sigatoka, banana – Reunion Island: 1st rep

Other Plant Disease -- Région d'outre-mer de Réunion, France_Pseudocercospora fijiensis_, the causal agent of black Sigatoka disease of banana (Musa spp.) (BLSD), is considered to be the major economic threat for banana cultivated for export. The disease has a worldwide distribution throughout the humid tropical regions and has been previously reported in the southwest Indian Ocean area: in 1993 in Mayotte and Comoros islands, in Mauritius in 1996 and in Madagascar in 2000.In December Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Concord – USA: tahini, alert, recall request

Salmonella -- United StatesThe United States Food and Drug Administration, along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and state and local partners, are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella_ Concord illnesses linked to "Karawan Tahini and Halva" brand tahini imported from Israel.The FDA has been working with the state of New York and New York City. The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene tested samples of Karawan tahini and found that the product Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus – North America (16): USA (AZ) horse

Equine Herpes Virus -- United StatesHerpesvirus is highly contagious among horses and can cause a variety of ailments in equids, including rhinopneumonitis (a respiratory disease usually found in young horses), abortion in broodmares, and equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (the neurologic form).In many horses, the 1st or only sign of EHV-1 infection is fever, which can go undetected. In addition to fever, other common signs of EHV-1 infection in young horses include cough, decreased appetite, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (36): global, Iran environmental, Pakistan

Environmental -- IranNew wild poliovirus reported this week:AFP cases: 4Environment: 5New cVDPV poliovirus reported this week:AFP cases: 0Environment: 0Headlines- On 9 May 2019, the WHO received notification of the detection of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) from an environmental sample collected on [20 Apr 2019], in Seestan and Balochistan province, Iran. The virus collected is an environmental sample only, and no associated cases of paralysis have been detected. Genetic sequencing confirmed it Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Influenza A, poultry: Belgium (WV), A(H3), low pathogenicity

Influenza -- BelgiumA total of 35 farms in Belgium have been affected by a [strain] of avian influenza that is harmless to humans, the country's agriculture department says. Since the beginning of April [2019], several poultry farms, mainly located in West Flanders, have been affected by a bird flu virus.The Federal Minister for Agriculture Denis Ducarme emphasises that the virus in question is 'completely harmless to human health'. Moreover, the virus in question - bird flu virus of the H3 type Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (29): Europe, Asia (Norway ex Philippines) human, dog

Rabies -- NorwayThe family and relatives of Birgitte Kallestad wanted to say goodbye to the young woman under sheltered and private frames.At 1:00 p.m. today [Wed 15 May 2019], the 24-year-old was buried in the upbringing municipality of Fjell in Hordaland."Intangible to all of us, her goodness became her path. Nevertheless, according to Birgitte's heart, it is now possible to give a gift to the Animal Protection. It's a great way to honor her memory," priest Maria Tveiten said in the memorial in Read more [...]

PRO/ALL> New in IJID (05): May 2019

Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownNeurosyphilis: Concordance between cerebrospinal fluid analysis and subsequent antibiotic strategy for patients undergoing evaluation of a diagnosis of neurosyphilisO.C. Smibert, S. Abbinga, D.W. Spelman, A.W.J. JenneyInt J Infect Dis., Volume 82, May 2019, Pages 73-76The need for an antibiotic stewardship program in a hospital using a computerized pre-authorization systemBuket Erturk Sengel, Huseyin Bilgin, Beyza Oren Bilgin, Tolga Gidener, Simge Saydam, Aslıhan Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Herpesvirus, zoo elephant – USA: (IN)

Herpes -- United StatesThe Indianapolis Zoo says their 13-year-old male African elephant, Kedar, has tested positive for elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV).The Zoo started testing the blood of each elephant twice a week after 2 elephants, Nyah and Kalina, died in March [2019]. Lab and pathology tests confirmed both elephants had EEHV, which is a virus that causes fatal hemorrhagic disease in elephants, mainly Asian elephants.The Zoo says they are bringing the full force of knowledge and Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (46): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, summary, response

Ebola -- DR Congo114 553 Vaccinated persons:- 486 people vaccinated on 12 May 2019.- Of those vaccinated, 30 816 are high-risk contacts (CHR), 55 294 are contacts of contacts (CC), and 28 443 are front-line providers (PPL).- Persons vaccinated by health zone: 30 886 in Katwa, 24 064 in Beni, 14 006 in Butembo.- The only vaccine to be used in this outbreak is the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine, manufactured by the pharmaceutical group Merck, following approval by the Ethics Committee in its decision of 19 May Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Kenya (09): (NK) wildlife, discussion

Anthrax -- KenyaThere's been an anthrax outbreak in Kenya's Nakuru county. But it's not the 1st time. Nakuru seems to be a hotspot for these outbreaks. The Conversation Africa's Moina Spooner asked Bernard Bett and John Gachohi to shed light on the reasons for this.Why does Nakuru county have recurring outbreaks?Last month [April 2019] an anthrax outbreak killed more than 10 buffaloes in Lake Nakuru National Park, which is in Kenya's Rift Valley. This area is no stranger to outbreaks. In our research, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Botswana: (CH) elephant, OIE

Anthrax -- BotswanaInformation received on [and dated] 15 May 2019 from Dr. Letlhogile Modisa, Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Gaborone, BotswanaSummary:Report type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 9 May 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 15 May 2019Report date: 15 May 2019Date submitted to OIE: 15 May 2019Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 30 Sep 2015Manifestation of disease: Clinical Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (14): Africa

Waterborne Illness -- KenyaThe outbreak of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) has killed 3 people in the North Gondar Tselemt area in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. The 3 people who were getting medical treatment after acquiring AWD have passed away, according to the state broadcaster ETV. The report indicated that currently 151 people affected by AWD are also identified in 3 locations of Amhara region. Currently in North Gondar, Tselemt area, 90 people infected with AWD have been identified and are being Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hepatitis E – China: (HK) human, rat virus

Hepatitis E -- China"Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major public health concern in developing countries where the primary transmission is via contaminated water. Zoonotic HEV cases have been increasingly described in Europe, Japan and the United States with pigs representing the main animal reservoir of infection. We report an unusual acute hepatitis infection in a previously healthy man caused by a rat hepatitis E virus with a considerably divergent genomic sequence compared to other rat HEV strains. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Squirrel pox, red squirrel – UK: (England)

Other Animal Disease -- United KingdomSquirrel pox is spreading fast along the Solway coast, affecting the population of red squirrels in the area. The virus is carried by grey squirrels - they are not affected by the disease but are capable of contaminating native reds that are not immune.In recent weeks a number of red squirrels have died as a result of the disease. Those with pox [squirrel pox] resemble rabbits with Myxomatosis. A list of symptoms include skin ulcers, lesions, scabs, swelling Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – USA (18): (FL, SC, NM)

Hepatitis A -- United StatesDespite giving out more than 6900 free hepatitis A vaccines last week [week of 6 May 20190], Florida saw its biggest weekly increase in new cases of the contagious liver disease. The Florida Department of Health reported an additional 92 hepatitis A cases during the week ending 11 May 2019, bringing the total since the beginning of 2019 to 1129 people. The 92 new cases -- 4 of them in South Florida -- represent the most reported in one week since the hepatitis A outbreak Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis – Europe (01): Belgium (OV)

Legionnaires' -- BelgiumOne person has died from [legionellosis] in Evergem, [a municipality] near Ghent, after health authorities declared an outbreak of the bacteria in the region, which accelerated at the weekend. The patient died in Ghent's University Hospital on [Mon 13 May 2019] evening, The Flanders Agency for Care and Health announced in a statement.The agency has currently identified at least 16 cases after it was reported that 11 infected people had been admitted to the hospital late last Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (20): Argentina (JY)

Hantavirus -- ArgentinaHantavirus [infections]: 1 dead and 14 confirmed cases confirmed by the provincial Ministry of Health. The only fatal case is from the El Talar locality, [a young man] between 15 and 19 years of age. Of the cases, 2 were registered from rural areas in Palpala.- The government confirmed that a young man died of [a] hantavirus [infection]- There are another 14 cases that are progressing well.- The general concern is the large number of trash dumps that could lead to new cases.The Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Africa (07): Namibia, RFI

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- NamibiaAn elderly man is dead and 4 more people have been isolated in different hospitals as a result of an outbreak of Congo fever [Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever] in Namibia. The 4 new cases have been admitted to hospitals for treatment and observation purposes in different regions across the country.Selma Robert, National Surveillance Officer on the spread of disease in the Ministry of Health confirmed that a 77-year-old man died as a result of the viral infection Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (09): Nepal (BK) H5N1, update

Avian Influenza H5N1 -- NepalThe Epidemiology and Disease Control Division says it is preparing to send specimens collected from the people who came in close contact with the person who died after contracting the H5N1 (bird flu) virus on [29 Mar 2019].The division, under the Department of Health Services, had formed a team of medical doctors and lab technicians to carry out an epidemiological investigation after the death of a 21-year-old from Kavrepalanchok district [Province Three] from the bird Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC – USA (07): O103, ground beef, CDC, recall

E. coli -- United StatesSince the last update on 26 Apr 2019, 19 more ill people were added to this outbreak.As of 13 May 2019, 196 people infected with the outbreak strain of _E. coli_ O103 have been reported from 10 states. CDC is reporting the 196 illnesses that the PulseNet laboratory network has confirmed are part of this outbreak. States are investigating additional illnesses that might be a part of this outbreak.State / ll People------------------Florida / 5Georgia / 49Illinois / 1Indiana Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (35): Pakistan (KP) eradication challenges

Polio -- PakistanTwo new polio cases were reported from Bannu district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [KP] on [Sat 11 May 2019], raising the number of polio victims to 15 in the country this year [2019].Health experts, however, feared the number of polio cases would grow further by the end of 2019, as health and polio workers have been facing multiple problems to eradicate the disease in Pakistan and particularly in KP and erstwhile tribal areas. According to officials, the National Institute of Health (NIH) Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine sarcocystosis: horse, human, new research

Other Animal Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownHistorically, veterinarians have reported finding parasites in the skeletal muscle of some horses with neuromuscular disease. One they've always written off as an incidental finding or not actually related to the neuromuscular disorder is the protozoan parasite _Sarcocystis fayeri_.Monica Aleman, MVZ, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis), School of Veterinary Medicine, believes, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Unidentified febrile disease – Indonesia: (SE)

Fever -- IndonesiaNo one really knows what is spreading in the small village of Garonggong in Jeneponto regency, South Sulawesi. However, for the last couple of months, nearly all people living there have been experiencing mysterious symptoms, which started with a fever and pain all over the body, especially in their joints.The unknown disease killed 4 people from a total of 72 people that had experienced similar symptoms.The village administration has declared a health emergency. Several villagers Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia – Uruguay: (FD) OIE

Equine Infectious Anemia -- UruguayInformation received on 13 May 2019 from Dr. Eduardo Barre Albera, Director General, Servicios Ganaderos, Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca, Montevideo, UruguaySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 29 Apr 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 2 May 2019Report date: 10 May 2019Date submitted to OIE: 13 May 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 10 May 2007Manifestation Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – Libya: (MS, TR) cattle, serotype pending, OIE

Foot and Mouth -- LibyaInformation received on [and dated] 13 May 2019 from Dr. Zakaria Mohamed Mustafa Elkhatal, Director General, National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), Ministry of Agriculture, Animal & Marine Wealth, Tripoli, LibyaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 25 Apr 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 3 May 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 30 Dec 2014Manifestation of disease: clinical Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Georgia: Risk factors

Anthrax -- United StatesRao S, Traxler R, Napetavaridze T, et al. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of anthrax outbreaks in livestock in the country of Georgia: A case-control investigation 2013-2015. PLoS One. 2019;14(5):e0215228. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215228Abstract--------IntroductionAnthrax is considered endemic in livestock in Georgia. In 2007, the annual vaccination became the responsibility of livestock owners, while contracting of private veterinarians was not officially required. Read more [...]

PRO/AH> African swine fever – Asia (43): China (Hong Kong) domestic, ex mainland, OIE

African Swine Fever -- ChinaInformation received on [and dated] 12 May 2019 from Dr. Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer / Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong , Hong Kong (SAR - PRC)SummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 2 May 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 10 May 2019Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease in the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (42): China, domestic, spread, control, comment

African Swine Fever -- ChinaThe above ProMED posting contains an almost subliminal suggestion that humans are not associated with African swine fever.1. "The virus is not dangerous to humans but is fatal to pigs and wild boar." [item 1, source 'Eyewitness News'].The implication is humans can go about our usual and disease spreading habits without stopping to think and help control the situation. Where are the subliminal "stop signs"? A clear statement: "The disease is spread by human activities such Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium – New Zealand: sprouts, alert, recall

Salmonella -- New ZealandAfter a series of outbreaks associated with sprouts in the mid-1990s, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidelines in 1999 for sprouts producers to reduce the risk of contamination. The recommendations included treating seeds with an antimicrobial agent such as calcium hypochlorite solution and testing spent irrigation water for pathogens. From 1998 through 2010, 33 outbreaks from seed and bean sprouts were documented in the USA, affecting 1330 reported Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (13): Asia (Yemen)

Cholera -- YemenThe Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported 18 171 suspected cases of cholera with 13 associated deaths during epidemiological week 18 (29 Apr-5 May) of 2019. 15% of cases were severe. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 Jan 2018 to 28 Apr 2019 is 668 891 with 1081 associated deaths (CFR 0.16%). Children under 5 represent 22.7% of total suspected cases during 2019. The outbreak has affected 22 of 23 governorates and 294 of 333 districts Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito – Chile

Pests -- ChileHealth authorities in Chile today [28 Mar 2019] confirmed the detection in the north of the country of _Aedes aegypti_, the vector of dangerous diseases such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever [viruses]. The secretariat of the Ministry of Health in the northern Tarapaca region states that on 21 Mar [2019], a specimen of the mosquito was captured in a ovaposition trap for monitoring the presence of these insects in a women's penitentiary in Iquique city.According to press Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Influenza (14): Australia, seasonal activity

Influenza -- AustraliaWith 40 000 confirmed influenza cases in Australia this early in the season [2018-19], experts this week warned that deaths in the country could hit 4000 unless infection rates slow before the winter peak, and urged the public to get a flu vaccinationThe number of confirmed cases is triple the typical levels seen at this part of the flu season. In 2018, there were 58 000 recorded cases for the entire year.Robert Booy, who heads a collective of health organisations called the Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Ricin – USA (02): (MN) possible poisoning

Poisoning -- United StatesOne person has been hospitalized after an "unconfirmed report of ricin" at a Dinkytown apartment building, according to the Minneapolis Fire Department.Minneapolis Fire says crews were called to 515 14th Avenue SE Tuesday afternoon [7 May 2019] on a report of a hazardous substance.Crews are evacuating the apartment building and isolating the affected area according to Minneapolis Fire's Twitter account.The fire department says one resident was transported to the Read more [...]