Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (19): China (HU) Transmission dynamics

Coronavirus — China

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease – Russia: (KS) poultry, OIE

Newcastle Disease -- RussiaInformation received on [and dated] 22 Jan 2020 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, RussiaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 9 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Jan 2020Report date: 22 Jan 2020Date submitted to OIE: 22 Jan 2020Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 2 Jan Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hemorrhagic septicemia – India: (OR) water buffalo

Hemorrhagic Fever -- IndiaAround 40 buffaloes have died within 4 days due to suspected Sahana disease (hemorrhagic septicemia) in a number of villages located in the Garadapur block of Odisha's Kendrapara."The disease is currently confined to 5 villages under the Garadapur block [map at ]," Prasanna Kumar Patnaik, the chief district veterinary officer of Kendrapada, said."The people of the affected villages have been instructed to keep away from the dead animals and inform officials. If they must Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (05): research

MERS — Worldwide/Unknown

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (11): Pakistan (KP) tribal districts

Polio -- PakistanTwo more polio cases have surfaced from Landikotal tehsil in Khyber tribal district, after which the number of reported cases in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has reached 4 this year [2020].According to the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), a 2-year-old [male child] from Nekikhel and another child from Torwela have been diagnosed with polio. The samples of these 2 children were sent for laboratory tests in 2019, so these cases will be counted in the tally of 2019, which stands at 141 now.The Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (04): Saudi Arabia (AS, RI, QS), nosocomial transmission susp, RFI

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the 2 days since the last update was prepared (see MERS-CoV (03): Saudi Arabia (AS,RI) RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20200124.6911579), there have been 3 additional newly confirmed cases posted on the Saudi MOH website. No outcomes were reported.Information on newly confirmed cases:[1]Date of confirmation report: 22 Jan 2020Case No. 20-1989A 36-year-old female in Abha city, Aseer (Asir) regionContact with camels: noCase classification: secondaryHealthcare worker: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Theileria – USA: (WV) cattle, longhorned tick

Tick-borne disease -- United StatesThe West Virginia Department of Agriculture (WVDA) has confirmed the presence of _Theileria orientalis_ Ikeda genotype in 3 West Virginia counties. The WVDA is working with the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine's diagnostic laboratory at Virginia Tech to determine the extent of the disease across the region and understand its impact on the livestock industry. Additional surveillance samples are being collected throughout West Virginia._Theileria_ Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (18): China (HU) animal reservoir

Coronavirus -- ChinaSince the SARS outbreak 18 years ago, a large number of severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoV) have been discovered in their natural reservoir host, bats. Previous studies indicated that some of those bat SARSr-CoVs have the potential to infect humans. Here we report the identification and characterization of a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) that caused an epidemic of acute respiratory syndrome in humans in Wuhan, China. The epidemic, started from 12 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease – India (04): (KA) animal, ticks

Kyasanur Forest Disease -- IndiaViscera samples of dead monkeys, collected from Shantigrama in Koppa taluk in Chikkamagaluru district, have tested positive to Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD).The ticks from 10 different places in Koppa taluk, including Shantigramma, Heruru and Kunduru, were collected and sent to the laboratory. The presence of KFD virus was confirmed in the samples of infected ticks collected from Shantigrama.District Surveillance Officer Dr. Manjunath said that the ticks collected Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (04): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, opinion

Ebola — DR Congo

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (17): China (HU), France, USA ex China, Viet Nam p2p trans.

Coronavirus -- ChinaAt 04:00 on [24 Jan 2020], 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported 444 new confirmed cases and 16 new deaths. Three new cases were cured and discharged. A total of 19 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported 1118 new suspected cases; 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported the epidemic situation, and Qinghai Province was newly added.As of 24:00 on [24 Jan 2020], the Health and Health Commission received a total of 1287 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (02): Bolivia (CB)

Hantavirus -- BoliviaThe 1st case of [a] hantavirus [infection] was confirmed in our country [this year in 2020]. The affected individual is an adolescent who contracted the disease in the tropical area of Cochabamba [department].[Byline: Fernando Eid][El Dia has a video clip available on the above Twitter URL with additional information (in Spanish, trans. Mod.TY):The affected individual is a 15-year-old boy who was just released from the hospital ICU. He had a febrile disease. He had been in the Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (10): global, Pakistan (BA, SD)

Polio -- AfghanistanNew wild poliovirus isolates reported this week:AFP cases: 3Environment: 7Others: 0New cVDPV isolates reported this week:AFP cases: 21Environment: 6Others: 3Headlines- The GPEI Polio Partners Group convened the 8th annual technical workshop on [6 Dec 2019] where a global overview of the status of poliovirus detection was presented among other polio updates. The meeting presentations are now available at .Summary of new viruses this week (AFP cases and ES Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (03): Uganda (BL, MY)

Yellow Fever -- UgandaMinister of Health, @JaneRuth_Aceng confirms the outbreak of Yellow Fever in Moyo District in West Nile region and Buliisa District in Hoima region in #Uganda.@WHOUganda country representative, @tegegny speaks about the Yellow fever vaccine. "The Yellow Fever vaccine is one of those vaccines where you need to be vaccinated only once," he says.@MinofHealthUG has also applied to @gavi and WHO for inclusion of the Yellow Fever vaccination into the routine immunisation schedule. Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Avian influenza (16): United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) poultry, NOT

Avian Influenza -- United KingdomInvestigations of the suspicious case in poultry in Northern Ireland excluded involvement with notifiable avian influenza (H5 and H7 subtypes) plus Newcastle disease.--Professor Ian H. Brown, MIBiol PhDHead of Virology DepartmentDirector of OIE/FAO International Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza and Newcastle DiseaseOIE Reference Laboratory for Swine InfluenzaAnimal and Plant Health Agency (APHA)Weybridge, UK[We are grateful to Professor Brown for the above Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (03): Saudi Arabia (AS,RI) RFI

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the 15 days since the last update (MERS-CoV (02): Saudi Arabia (RI, MD), UAE (AZ), WHO http://promedmail.org/post/20200109.6878155) there have been 5 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported from Saudi Arabia and 3 recoveries.Information on newly confirmed cases (5)[1]Date of confirmation report: 10 Jan 2020Case no.: 20-1984A 64-year-old male in Buraidah city Qaseem [Al Qasim] regionContact with camels: noCase classification: primaryHealthcare worker: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (16): China (HU), Viet Nam, Singapore ex China, IHR committee WHO

Coronavirus -- ChinaAt 04:00 on [23 Jan 2020], 27 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported 259 new confirmed cases and 8 new deaths. 6 new cases were cured and discharged. 19 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported 680 new suspected cases. A total of 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported epidemics nationwide, and 4 provinces (autonomous regions) including Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Xinjiang were added.As of 24:00 on [23 Jan 2020], Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (15): China (HU) wild animal sources

Coronavirus -- ChinaOn [31 Dec 2019], WHO was informed of cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause) detected in Wuhan City, Hubei province of China. A novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was identified as the causative virus by Chinese authorities on [7 Jan 2020].Investigations are ongoing to evaluate the source of the outbreak, mode(s) of transmission, and the extent of infection. Available evidence on the 2019-nCoV virus and previous experience with other coronavirus (MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV) Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Bacterial wilt, tomato – Ghana: (UE)

Other Plant Disease -- GhanaAbout 30 hectares of tomato gardens in Bawku West district, Upper East, have been destroyed by the bacteria _Ralstonia solanacearum_. The disease was identified by the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute (SARI). Farmers complained about the difficulty in accessing certified seed, forcing them to use the old varieties that were susceptible to diseases. [A] farmer [said], "For the past 15 years, I have never experienced such disease in this area; it destroyed my farm Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (01): Europe (Spain) dog, OIE

Rabies -- SpainInformation received on [and dated] 20 Jan 2020 from Dr Valentin Almansa, director general, Sanidad de la Produccion Agraria, Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentacion, Madrid, MalillaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationStart date: 12 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Jan 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 18 Oct 2017Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: rabies virusSerotype: Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – Costa Rica: (AL) restaurant

Hepatitis A -- Costa RicaAs many as 22 people suffered from hepatitis A infection in San Ramón de Alajuela, and consequently the Health authorities closed a pizzeria in the area.A source close to this media confirmed the existence of the cases which were detected since 13 Jan 2020. The cases were thought to be related to food consumption in that establishment 4 of patients were employees of the pizzeria.In statements to the media La Nación, Azalea Espinoza of the Directorate of Surveillance Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (15): Germany (BB) wild bird, HPAI H5N8, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- GermanyInformation received on [and dated] 21 Jan 2020 from Dr Dietrich Rassow, Director for Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin, GermanySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 16 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Jan 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 18 Oct Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Africa: Uganda (QI) RFI

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- UgandaOne confirmed case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, 4 others suspected, in Kagadi [western Uganda]A district Task Force has been formed to manage and coordinate the cases across the district @MinofHealthUG @robert_kwesiga @inakasiita1--Communicated by:ProMED-mail[Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) can cause serious disease in humans, with a case fatality rate of 10-40%. It can be responsible for severe outbreaks in humans, but it is not pathogenic for Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (14): China (HU), Hong Kong, Macau ex China

Coronavirus -- ChinaAs of 24:00 on [22 Jan 2020], our committee had received a total of 571 confirmed cases of pneumonia of new coronavirus infection in 25 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) in China, including 95 severe cases and 17 deaths (all from Hubei Province). A total of 393 suspected cases were reported in 13 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities).At 00:00 on [22 Jan 2020] 24 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) reported 131 new confirmed cases and 8 new Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> New World screwworm – Ecuador: (LR) cattle, OIE

Myiasis -- EcuadorInformation received on 20 Jan 2020 from Dr. Wilson Patricio Almeida Granja, Director Ejecutivo, Agencia de Regulacion y Control Fito y Zoosanitario - AGROCALIDAD, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, Quito, EcuadorSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 18 Dec 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 15 Jan 2020Report date: 20 Jan 2020Date submitted to OIE: 20 Jan 2020Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (14): Poland, wild bird, poultry, H5N8, OIE, spread

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- PolandInformation received on [and dated] 22 Jan 2020 from Dr Bogdan Konopka, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, General Veterinary Inspectorate, Warszaw, PolandSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 30 Dec 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Dec 2019Report date: 2 Jan 2020Date submitted to OIE: 2 Jan 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 20 Apr 2017Causal Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria – Canada: (SK) First Nation

Diphtheria -- CanadaA doctor working with Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) in Saskatchewan is urging caution to residents in and around Onion Lake First Nation following 2 people contracting a rare, deadly bacterial infection. Medical health officer Dr. Ibrahim Khan wrote a letter to the chief of the Onion Lake First Nation that said both patients were admitted to medical facilities shortly after New Years Day with diphtheria. He said one patient is under 18, while the other is an adult and was suffering Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox – Africa (03): Nigeria

Monkeypox -- NigeriaNew suspected cases: 6New confirmed cases: 2Total confirmed cases in 2019: 46Total deaths: 0Epidemiological summary- Nigeria continues to report sporadic cases of monkeypox since September 2017;- In the reporting month [December 2019], 6 new suspected monkeypox cases were reported from 5 sates: Lagos (1), Rivers (1), Oyo (1), Imo (1), and Plateau (2);- Of the suspected cases 2 were confirmed positive for monkeypox in Rivers (1) and Imo (1) states;- One case of monkeypox was Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (13): China (HU) USA ex China

Coronavirus -- ChinaAt 00:00 on [20 Jan 2020, our committee received 77 new cases of pneumonia diagnosed with new type of coronavirus infection in 3 domestic provinces (regions, municipalities) (72 in Hubei Province, 2 in Shanghai, and 3 in Beijing). Cases); 27 new suspected cases were reported in 9 provinces (districts, cities) (4 in Guangdong, 1 in Sichuan, 1 in Yunnan, 7 in Shanghai, 10 in Zhejiang, 1 in Anhui, and Hainan). 1 case, 1 case in Guizhou Province, and 1 case in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis – Australia ex Indonesia: (BA)

Japanese Encephalitis — Australia

PRO/AH/EDR> Brazilian hemorrhagic fever – Brazil: (SP)

Hemorrhagic Fever -- BrazilFor the 1st time in 20 years, Brazil health authorities are reporting a confirmed case of Brazilian hemorrhagic fever.During this 20-year period, there were 4 cases in humans, 3 cases acquired in a sylvan environment in the state of Sao Paulo, and one due to infection in a laboratory environment in Para.The disease is considered to be extremely rare and highly lethal, and treatment is according to the patient's clinical condition and symptoms.The disease incubation period Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (02): Nigeria (PL)

Yellow Fever -- NigeriaOf the 141 suspected yellow fever cases in Jos North, Wase, Bassa, Kanam and Riyom Local Governments of Plateau State, 25 cases have been confirmed.Following the yellow fever outbreak, the rapid response team from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja and National Primary Healthcare Development Agency was dispatched to the state for analysis and investigation.Briefing the State Commissioner of Health, Dr. Lar Ndam alongside other stakeholders, the leader of the response Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Europe (04): Serbia (PI,BO) wild boar, OIE

African Swine Fever -- SerbiaInformation received on 17 Jan 2020 from Dr Emina Milakara, DVM, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management, Belgrade, SerbiaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 3 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Jan 2020Report date: 17 Jan 2020Date submitted to OIE: 17 Jan 2020Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseCausal agent: African swine fever virusNature of diagnosis: laboratory Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Canine distemper, wildlife – USA (02): (KY) raccoon, alert

Canine distemper -- United StatesA safety reminder regarding how to handle animals infected with distemper came out of Frankfort [Thu 16 Jan 2020].The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife confirmed 3 raccoons found within city limits tested positive for distemper in December [2019].Distemper is caused by a virus and often occurs in raccoons, gray foxes, coyotes and, occasionally, skunks.Common symptoms in infected animals include respiratory distress, coughing, sneezing, watery discharge from Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (13): Ukraine (VI) poultry, HPAI H5, OIE

Avian Influenza -- UkraineInformation received on [and dated] on 20 Jan 2020 from Dr Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kiev, UkraineSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 18 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Jan 2020Report date: 20 Jan 2020Date submitted to OIE: 20 Jan 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Novel coronavirus (12): China (HU) new fatality, healthcare workers, WHO

Coronavirus -- ChinaSecond case of imported new coronavirus pneumonia confirmed in Shanghai. The patient is a 35-year-old male resident in Shanghai. He went to Wuhan on the evening of [8 Jan 2020] and returned to Shanghai on [11 Jan 2020]. He developed fever, cough, and runny nose. He was admitted to the hospital for isolation and treatment after attending a fever clinic on [16 Jan 2020]. After detection by the city's disease control department, the new coronavirus nucleic acid test result was positive. Read more [...]

PRO> Lassa fever – West Africa (04): Liberia (GB)

Lassa Fever -- LiberiaThe Surveillance Officer of Grand Bassa County Health team has confirmed to FrontPage Africa that there is a Lassa fever outbreak in District 4, Grand Bassa County leading to 3 deaths and 20 others confirmed infected with the virus.Gabriel B. Kassay said over 60 specimens were taken to Monrovia for testing as a result of the outbreak."Out of the 60 plus, over 20 specimens were confirmed affected with Lassa fever," he said, adding that 3 persons have died from the disease at Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Internal fruit rot, capsicum – Australia: call for samples

Other Plant Disease -- AustraliaInternal rot of capsicums and chillies is a major ongoing issue for Australian growers, typically those in warm, humid growing areas. It affects both field and greenhouse grown fruit, especially if humidity is not well controlled. The disease generally affects the seed inside the fruit rather than the edible portion.Although infection is believed to occur at flowering, the disease usually does not develop until the capsicum/ chilli starts to ripen, with spread most Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (12): Czech Republic (VY) backyard poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Czech RepublicInformation received on [and dated] 20 Jan 2020 from Dr. Zbynek Semerad, Director General, State Veterinary Administration, Veterinary Administration, Prague, Czech RepublicSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 17 Jan 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Jan 2020Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseManifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: Highly pathogenic avian influenza [HPAI] virusSerotype: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Indonesia (02): (YO) livestock, human

Anthrax -- IndonesiaThe Indonesian Health Ministry had declared an anthrax outbreak status in Gunung Kidul District, Yogyakarta Province, made effective from [28 Dec 2019] to [6 Jan 2020], the ministry's top official stated on [Fri 17 Jan 2020].The status came into effect from the day the 1st anthrax case came to light in Ponjong Sub-district's area and then spread to Semanu, Sub-district, Director General for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention at the Health Ministry Anung Sugihantoro stated. Read more [...]