Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (14): Iraq (SD) poultry, HPAI H5N8

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- IraqA bird flu outbreak has been detected in Iraq's Salahudin [Salah ad-Din] province, authorities said, adding that all protective measures have been taken to contain the spread of the virus."The laboratory tests proved that poultry in Samarra city, some 120 km north of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, was infected with bird flu," Ammar Khalil, governor of the province, said in a statement on Friday [15 Jan 2021].Khalil said that about 60 000 chickens were infected with bird flu Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Sheep pox & goat pox – Russia: (DA) sheep, OIE

Sheep/Goat Pox -- RussiaInformation received on [and dated] 16 Jan 2021 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, deputy head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, RussiaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 26 Dec 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Jan 2021Report date: 16 Jan 2021Date submitted to OIE: 16 Jan 2021Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 16 Dec Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Pneumonia – Afghanistan: (BK) children, increase, RFI

Pneumonia -- AfghanistanLast month [December 2020], more than 20 children died in Balkh province from the pneumonia disease prevalent to the extreme cold weather.Pneumonia cases are increasing among the children this winter, and 326 children have been hospitalized in December (2020), health officials noted to ATN News. The Children's Department of the Balkh public Health Directorate, Nawroz Seberi, said that "1679 children were hospitalized in Qaws (December 2020) of which 326 patients suffered from Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (24): vaccine, new variant, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesCalifornia State Epidemiologist Dr Erica S Pan issued the following statement today [17 Jan 2021] recommending providers pause the administration of lot 41L20A of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine due to possible allergic reactions that are under investigation."Our goal is to provide the COVID vaccine safely, swiftly, and equitably," said Dr Pan. "A higher-than-usual number of possible allergic reactions were reported with a specific lot of Moderna vaccine administered at one Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (12): Hungary, Romania, poultry, wild bird, H5N8, H5, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- HungaryInformation received on [and dated] 14 Jan 2021 from Dr. Lajos Bognar, Deputy State Secretary Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, HungarySummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 12 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 8 Jun 2020Manifestation of disease: Clinical diseaseCausal agent: Highly Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (11): India, poultry, HPAI H5N8, H5N1, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N1, Avian Influenza H5N8 -- IndiaInformation received on 18 Jan 2021 from Dr. Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, New Delhi, IndiaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 2 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous recurrence: 30 Sep 2020Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Mosaic viruses, cassava: Laos, Nigeria

Other Plant Disease — Laos
Cassava (_Manihot esculenta_) cultivation [in Laos] has expanded. Vegetative seed (stakes) is rapidly multiplied and distributed. One of the most important diseases affecting cassava is Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) disseminated by infected stakes. _Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus_ (SLCMV) is the species causing CMD in Southeast Asia (SEA) and is widespread in Cambodia [ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20180607.5844264], Viet Nam [ProMED-mail post

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (02): Nigeria (BE) 2020-2021

Yellow Fever -- NigeriaAt least 112 people from Ogbadibo and Okpokwu local government areas of Benue state are reported to have died from yellow fever [YF] since the outbreak of the disease in September 2020 to date.The state's epidemiologist, Dr. Terungwa Ngise, confirming the incidence in an interview, said that emergency interventions had been mobilized to the affected communities, including immunization, treatment of already infected persons, supply of mosquito nets, as well as depopulation of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (03): Ebanga monoclonal antibody

Ebola -- Worldwide/UnknownBiotechnology company, Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, announced recently that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved EbangaTM for the treatment of Ebola.Ebanga is now approved for treatment of infection caused by _Zaire ebolavirus_ in adult and pediatric patients (including neonates born to a mother who is RT-PCR positive for _Zaire ebolavirus_ infection).Ebanga is the only FDA approved, single injection Ebola treatment which is available in a lyophilized form.Ebanga Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (23): USA (CA) new variant, South Asia, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesWHO region (no. countries/territories):Total confirmed cases (new cases in last 24 hours) / Total deaths (new deaths in last 24 hours)----------------------------------Western Pacific Region (19): 1 266 428 (13 237) / 22 244 (97)European Region (61): 30 488 064 (181 073) / 666 036 (4359)South East Asia Region (10): 12 462 338 (31 862) / 191 196 (508)Eastern Mediterranean Region (22): 5 334 724 (25 023) / 127 790 (402)Region of the Americas (54): 41 329 493 (406 967) / 954 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (11): China (Hong Kong) wild bird, HPAI H5N8, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- ChinaInformation received on [and dated] 14 Jan 2021 from Dr Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer/Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong, (SAR-PRC)SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 6 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Jan 2021Reason for notification: New strain of a listed disease in the countryCausal agent: Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Measles update (02): Pakistan (BA)

Measles -- PakistanA measles outbreak in Chaman [Killa Abdullah District, Balochistan] has left 3 children of a family dead, ARY News reported on Sunday [17 Jan 2021].According to the levies sources, the measles outbreak is being reported in several villages of Tooba Achakzai in Chaman.Acting on the situation, District Health Officer, Rafique Mengal has sent special teams to the infected areas to control the epidemic.Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (22): Russia (LN) St. Petersburg, animal, cat

COVID-19 -- RussiaScientists of St. Petersburg's Smorodintsev Research Institute of Influenza have conducted a genetic study of the SARS-CoV-2 virus detected in a cat for the 1st time [sic; see comment] in Russia, discovering that the strain is identical to the one circulating in Russia, the institute reported on Thursday [14 Jan 2021]."Within the framework of the Coronavirus Russian Genetic Initiative (CoRGI), scientists of the Smorodintsev Research Institute of Influenza of the Russian Healthcare Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (21): health systems, vaccines, variants, skin, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownWHO region (no. countries/territories):Total confirmed cases (new cases in last 24 hours) / Total deaths (new deaths in last 24 hours)----------------------------------Western Pacific Region (19): 1 253 191 (12 824) / 22 147 (230)European Region (61): 30 302 258 (219 615) / 661 614 (5833)South East Asia Region (10): 12 430 476 (30 500) / 190 688 (450)Eastern Mediterranean Region (22): 5 309 701 (29 130) / 127 388 (397)Region of the Americas (54): 40 922 526 (372 931) Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (02): Kenya, vaccine stockpile

Ebola -- KenyaKenya will get access to 500 000 doses of Ebola vaccine that can be used in case of an outbreak. No Ebola case has ever been reported in Kenya, but there is always a risk because of outbreaks in neighbouring countries.The 0.5 million doses have been secured by Gavi, the vaccine alliance that is also procuring vaccines for Covid-19.Gavi said the stockpile will be accessible free of charge if there is an outbreak. The country will also receive funding to conduct immunisation in case of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (20): animal, deer, experimental infection

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownThe origin of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus causing the global coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, remains a mystery. Current evidence suggests a likely spillover into humans from an animal reservoir. Understanding the host range and identifying animal species that are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection may help to elucidate the origin of the virus and the mechanisms underlying cross-species transmission to humans. Here Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (19): variant, Americas PAHO, vaccine, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownWHO region (no. countries/territories):Total confirmed cases (new cases in last 24 hours) / Total deaths (new deaths in last 24 hours)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Western Pacific Region (19): 1 240 368 (12 746) / 21 917 (161)European Region (61): 30 080 083 (250 027) / 655 597 (5768)South East Asia Region (10): 12 399 976 (29 875) / 190 238 (522)Eastern Mediterranean Region (22): 5 280 571 (27 761) / 126 991 (410)Region Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever – Eastern Africa: Kenya (IS, GA) goat, sheep, OIE

Rift Valley Fever -- KenyaInformation received on [and dated] 15 Jan 2021 from Dr. Obadiah Nyaga Njagi, Director of Veterinary Services, Directorate of Veterinary Services, State Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Nairobi, KenyaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 19 Nov 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 21 Mar 2019Manifestation Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycobacterium pinnipedii – Australia: (SA) sea lion

Tuberculosis -- Australia- A sea lion on Kangaroo Island [South Australia] was found to have died from tuberculosis- The disease can be passed on to humans but only with very close contact- Scientists who wrote a paper on the discovery hope it prompts more researchAn animal scientist wants more Australian sea lions tested for tuberculosis after one of the creatures was found to have died from the disease on Kangaroo Island.The 3-year-old juvenile sea lion was found dead on a beach at Kingscote in Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Miami – USA: FDA, RFI

Salmonella -- United StatesA new _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Miami outbreak has been announced by the FDA in their CORE Table []. The only information we have is that 48 people are sick. No food or establishment has been identified. We don't know the patient age range, where the patients live, illness onset dates, or if anyone has been hospitalized. A traceback investigation has been launched._Salmonella_ outbreaks in the past few years have been linked to dried wood ear mushrooms, backyard Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Skin rash – USA: (MT) prison, scabies susp

Scabies -- United StatesOfficials at Crossroads Correctional Center in Shelby confirm with NBC Montana that several inmates have experienced various forms of a skin rash that they are currently presuming out of an abundance of caution to be scabies.They add there has not yet been a definitive clinical diagnosis.Thus far 9 inmates have been treated for the rash.Officials add, skin conditions such as these are a common occurrence in correctional facilities of all types and sizes, and our staff are Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats – North America: USA (MT)

White nose syndrome -- United StatesSamples taken in 6 eastern Montana counties this past summer [2020] have tested positive for the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome (WNS) disease in bats.The presence of the fungus _Pseudogymnoascus destructans_ (Pd) does not necessarily confirm the presence of the disease, but biologists are closely monitoring the situation, and further sampling and testing will be conducted. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (FWP) staff is asking the public to report any Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (01): Eithiopia, Sub-Sahara Africa vaccination

Yellow Fever -- Worldwide/UnknownA yellow fever vaccination campaign targeting to reach 700 000 people in certain regions of Ethiopia has achieved 93% of its target amid the COVID-19 outbreak's challenges, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced Monday [11 Jan 2021].The vaccination campaign was conducted last November [2020] in the country's Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region (SNNPR) and Oromia region.It aimed to put an end to the spread of a yellow fever outbreak that was Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (18): vaccine, SIREN study, snippets, China, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United KingdomAbstract--------BackgroundEfficacious vaccines are urgently needed to contain the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). A candidate vaccine, Ad26.COV2.S, is a recombinant, replication-incompetent adenovirus serotype 26 (Ad26) vector encoding a full-length and stabilized SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.MethodsIn this multicenter, placebo-controlled, phase 1-2a trial, we randomly assigned Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (10): Cambodia (BA) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N1 -- CambodiaInformation received on [and dated] 14 Jan 2021 from Mr. Phannara Tan, Director General, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, CambodiaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 5 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jan 2021Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 26 Apr 2019Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (17): animal, China, origin, WHO experts mission

COVID-19 -- ChinaA panel of scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) arrived in Wuhan, capital of central China's Hubei Province, on Thursday [14 Jan 2021] to cooperate with their Chinese peers in researching on the potential origin of the novel coronavirus.The WHO team underwent throat swabs and serum antibody tests for the coronavirus at the airport. They will go through the required quarantine procedures before conducting field work.During the quarantine period, the WHO experts and Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue – Europe: Romania (GJ) cattle, serotype 4, OIE

Bluetongue -- RomaniaInformation received [and dated] on 14 Jan 2021 from Dr. Robert Viorel Chioveanu, President, Secretary of State, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, RomaniaSummaryReport type: Follow-up report No 1Date of start of the event: 27 Nov 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: Dec 2014Manifestation of disease: Read more [...]

PRO/ALL> New in IJID (01): January 2021

Salmonella -- NigeriaPerspectives------------How useful is serology for COVID-19?Didier Raoult. IJID 2021;102:170-171Could SARS-CoV-2-induced lung injury be attenuated by vitamin D?Dongqiong Xiao, Xihong Li, Xiaojuan Su, Dezhi Mu,Yi Qu. IJID 2021;102:196-202The art of the possible in approaching efficacy trials for COVID19 convalescent plasmaDaniele Focosi, Albert Farrugia. IJID 2021;102:244-246COVID-19 in the least developed, fragile, and conflict-affected countries -- How can Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – USA: (NM) wound, injection drug related

Botulism -- United StatesThe New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) is investigating 1 confirmed case - and 1 suspected case - of wound botulism. A 28-year-old male from Eddy County is hospitalized with wound botulism. The suspected source of infection is contaminated black tar heroin, and the nerve toxin that causes botulism was identified from a patient specimen. Another 29-year-old male from Eddy County with a history of injection drug use is hospitalized with suspected wound botulism.Botulism Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (09): France (LP) poultry, LPAI H5N3, OIE

Avian Influenza -- FranceInformation received on [and dated] 12 Jan 2021 from Dr. Loic Evain, [Deputy Director General, CVO, General Directorate of Food, Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood, and Forestry], Paris, FranceSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 7 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jan 2021Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 3 Dec 2019Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infectionCausal agent: Low Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Europe (03): Latvia, wild boar, OIE

African Swine Fever -- LatviaInformation received on [and dated] 12 Jan 2021 from Dr. Maris Balodis, Chief Veterinary Officer & Director General, Food and Veterinary Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Riga, LatviaSummaryReport type: follow-up report No 1Date of start of the event: 1 Jan 2021 Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 30 Dec 2020Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: African swine Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (16): vaccines, tracking variants, USA, travel, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesLike Moderna's, Pfizer-BioNTech's COVID vaccine uses messenger RNA, or mRNA, technology. In practice, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says this "teaches our cells how to make a protein -- or even just a piece of a protein-- that triggers an immune response inside our bodies."The resulting immune response produces antibodies that help to protect people from becoming infected with the virus.When asked how quickly BioNTech could pivot if it turned out the existing Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease – North America (01): USA (WI) deer

Chronic Wasting Disease -- United StatesFor the 1st time, a wild deer from Shawano County has tested positive for chronic wasting disease.The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources says the doe was killed in the town of Germania during the recent gun deer season. DNR wildlife biologists say there are plenty of deer in the area, and a wild whitetail testing positive for CWD is not out of the question."Given the proximity to wild positives and some captive positives, we're going to continue to see Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Tomato brown rugose fruit virus – New Zealand: 1st rep

Other Plant Disease -- New ZealandEarly detection of _Tomato brown rugose fruit virus_ (ToBRFV) in a small seed lot has allowed quick action to be taken to contain and prevent any spread of the virus. In early December [2020], industry alerted Biosecurity New Zealand [BSNZ] to the presence of ToBRFV in seeds imported from Israel. Although these were imported with a phytosanitary certificate declaring them to be free of ToBRFV based on testing completed offshore, further testing identified a very Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (01): vaccine stockpile

Ebola -- Worldwide/UnknownThe World Health Organization, UNICEF, and 2 leading international health and humanitarian civil society organizations announced on Tuesday [12 Jan 2021] the establishment of a global Ebola vaccine stockpile to ensure rapid response to future outbreaks.Establishment of the stockpile was led by the International Coordinating Group (ICG) on Vaccine Provision, which also includes the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and Medecins Sans Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis – Venezuela: (AN)

Salmonella -- VenezuelaAbout 500 people have fallen ill in a _Salmonella_ outbreak in a Venezuelan state. The Anzoatiguense Institute of Health (Saludanz) reported 480 people had tested positive for _Salmonella_, mostly from the El Carmen and San Cristobal area of the Simon Bolivar municipality. In mid-December 2020, the agency revealed 240 children and adults had been affected and seen at different health centers after a significant increase in salmonellosis in November 2020.Investigations so far Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Maedi-visna – Paraguay: (CR) sheep, 1st rep, OIE

Other Animal Disease -- ParaguayInformation received on [and dated] 11 Jan 2021 from Dr Hugo Federico Idoyaga Benitez, [National Quality and Animal Health Service (SENACSA), Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Production], San Lorenzo, ParaguaySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 9 Dec 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 29 Dec 2020Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease in the countryCausal agent: Maedi-visna virusNature of diagnosis: laboratory Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (15): variants wastewater, Canada, decr. infective time, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- SwitzerlandAbstract--------The SARS-CoV-2 lineages B.1.1.7 and 501.V2, which were first detected in the United Kingdom and South Africa, respectively, are spreading rapidly in the human population. Thus, there is an increased need for genomic and epidemiological surveillance in order to detect the strains and estimate their abundances. Here, we report a genomic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in 48 raw wastewater samples collected from 3 wastewater treatment plants in Switzerland between [9 Jul Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Aflatoxin – North America (02): USA, Canada, pet food, recall extended

Poisoning -- United StatesWhen a company announces a recall, market withdrawal, or safety alert, the FDA posts the company's announcement as a public service. FDA does not endorse either the product or the company.Summary:Company Announcement Date: 11 Jan 2021FDA Publish Date: 11 Jan 2021Product Type: Animal & veterinary food & beverages, pet foodReason for Announcement: Aflatoxin levels exceed acceptable levelsCompany Name: Midwestern Pet Foods Inc.Brand Name: Sportmix, Nunn Better, ProPac, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (08): Hungary, Germany, poultry, wild/captive bird, H5N8, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- HungaryInformation received on [and dated] 11 Jan 2021 from Dr. Lajos Bognar, Deputy State Secretary Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, HungarySummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 4 Jan 2021Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jan 2021Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 8 Jun 2020Manifestation of disease: Clinical diseaseCausal agent: Highly Read more [...]