Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Virchow – Netherlands: Brazilian chicken

Salmonella -- NetherlandsChicken meat from Brazil is being investigated as the source of _Salmonella_ illnesses in the Netherlands. Between the end of 2019 and mid-February 2020, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) identified a cluster of 6 _Salmonella_ Virchow infections distributed across the country using whole genome sequencing (WGS), but no epidemiological link among them was reported.An outbreak investigation by RIVM and the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (92): Countries with high local transmission

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownCase distribution by province: number of cases (number of new cases in past 24 hours)Lombardy: 52 414 (1089)Emilia-Romagna: 18 234 (409)Piedmont: 13 883 (540)Veneto: 12 410 (485)Tuscany: 6379 (206)Liguria: 4906 (149)Marche: 4859 (149)Lazio: 4266 (117)Campania: 3268 (120)Apulia: 2514 (70)Trento: 2602 (126)Friuli Venezia Giulia: 2218 (65)Sicily: 2097 (51)Bolzano: 1835 (24)Abruzzo: 1859 (60)Umbria: 1289 (26)Sardinia: 975 (40)Calabria: 833 (16)Aosta Valley: Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Blast disease, rice – Viet Nam: alert

Other Plant Disease -- VietnamThe changing seasons' weather brings a high risk of disease outbreaks to the winter-spring rice crop in the northern provinces, said [the] Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development. [He] requested agriculture sectors to enhance measures to prevent the outbreaks and their impacts on the rice crop. Cold weather with high humidity and prolonged drizzle was favourable for harmful insects that could spread diseases on rice.According to the Plant Protection Department, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (91): global, WHO

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 589 / ... / 81 740 / 81 802 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9976 / ... / 10 331 / 10 384 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 5000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 215 081 / ... / 367 004 / 400 412 / 406 693 / USA2 Feb 2020: 1 / ... / 84 / ... / 104 119 / ... / 136 675 / 141 942 / 146 690 / Spain2 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Severe fever w/ thrombocytopenia synd. – South Korea

Other Human Disease -- South KoreaCitation: Jae Keun Chung, Choon Mee Kim, Dong-Min Kim, Na-Ra Yun, Jung Wook Park, Jinjong Seo, and Yang Soo Kim. Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Associated with Manual De-Ticking of Domestic Dogs. 2020; Vector-Borne and Zoonotic DiseasesVol. 20(4): 285-294 DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2019.2463.AbstractBackground: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease. SFTS is caused by the SFTS virus, a novel phlebovirus, and is spread Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquitoes – USA: (CA) control

Pests -- United StatesAbstract--------The range of the mosquito _Aedes aegypti_ continues to expand, putting more than 2 billion people at risk of arboviral infection. The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been used to successfully combat agricultural pests at large scale, but not mosquitoes, mainly because of challenges with consistent production and distribution of high-quality male mosquitoes. We describe automated processes to rear and release millions of competitive, sterile male _Wolbachia_-infected Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (90): countries with high local transmission

COVID-19 -- United StatesRegarding health monitoring related to the spread of the new coronavirus [SARS-CoV-2] on the national territory, there are 135 586 total cases. At the moment 94 067 people are positive for the virus; 24 392 people have recovered, 1550 more than yesterday [6 Apr 2020]. There are 28 718 patients hospitalized with symptoms, 3792 are in intensive care, and 61 557 are in home isolation.There have been 17 127 reported deaths, however, this number can only be confirmed after the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (89): global, cruise ships, WHO

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 589 / ... / 81 708 / 81 740 / 81 802 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9976 / ... / 10 284 / 10 331 / 10 384 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 5000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 142 070 / ... / 245 066 / ... / 336 830 / 367 004 / 400 412 / USA2 Feb 2020: 1 / ... / 84 / ... / 104 119 / ... / Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (07): Ethiopia (SN) WHO

Yellow Fever -- EthiopiaWHO: Weekly bulletin on outbreaks and other emergencies, week 14: 30 Mar-5 Apr 2020Data as reported by 5 Apr 2020 17:00Event descriptionOn 3 Mar 2020, the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI) reported 3 suspected yellow fever cases in Ener Enor woreda [3rd level administrative districts], Gurage zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR). These cases were reported from the same household (father, mother, and son) located in a rural kebele. Of the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease – Iceland: (SU) feral rabbit, RHDV2, OIE

Hemorrhagic Fever -- IcelandInformation received on [and dated] Wed 1 Apr 2020 from Dr Sigurborg Daoadottir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland.SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 23 Mar 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 30 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 2002Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Tuberculosis – Mexico: increased cases, RFI

Tuberculosis -- MexicoThe coronavirus is not the only threat to Mexico. In the 1st 2 months of 2020, 8029 cases of respiratory tuberculosis were reported, almost double that recorded in the same period of 2019: 4448.[Byline: Rebecca Bowen]-- Communicated by: ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts[The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has noted that tuberculosis (TB) has been a concern for border areas in both Mexico and the United States. At the time (2005), both countries reported approximately Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (88): Germany, animals, research, pig, chicken, bat, ferret

COVID-19 -- GermanySARS-CoV-2 is a recently emerged zoonotic pathogen, and susceptibility of different animals that are either known virus reservoirs, might serve as animal models or are possibly in close contact with infected humans is still understudied. Here we report on SARS-CoV-2 infection experiments in fruit bats, ferrets, pigs and chickens. Animals were intranasally inoculated with 10^5 TCID50 and monitored for virus shedding by samples taken from the upper respiratory tract as well as fecal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Contagious equine metritis – UK: (Scotland) horse, OIE

Other Animal Disease -- United KingdomInformation received on [and dated] 6 Apr 2020 from Dr. Christine Middlemiss, Chief Veterinary Officer, DEFRA, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs , London, United KingdomSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 1 Apr 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Apr 2020Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 11 Sep 2012Manifestation of disease: subclinical infectionCausal agent: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease – India (16): (KA)

Kyasanur Forest Disease -- IndiaA 55-year-old farmer from Udukere village in Tirthahalli [subdivision of a district] has died due to Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD), also known as monkey fever, at a private hospital at Manipal in Udupi district [Karnataka] on Monday [6 Apr 2020].With this, the total number of persons who have succumbed to KFD in Shivamogga district since [1 Jan 2020] has risen to 5. The deceased was suffering from high fever, fatigue, and pain in joints. His blood samples tested positive Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (03): China (GD) H9N2, WHO

Avian Influenza -- ChinaBetween 27 Mar and 2 Apr 2020, one new case of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus was reported to WHO in the Western Pacific Region. The case is a 3-year-old female from Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China, who had a history of environmental exposure to domestic poultry before the onset of symptoms. She had mild illness and no symptoms have been detected in her contacts.In 2020, there are 3 cases reported so far, 2 from China and one from India. A total of 30 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (09): Eurasia, Armenia (SU) dog, OIE

Rabies -- ArmeniaInformation received on [and dated] 6 Apr 2020 from Dr Georgi Avetisyan, head, Food Safety Inspection Body of the Government of the Republic of Armenia, e ARM Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Armenia, Yerevan, ArmeniaSummaryReport type: immediate notification (final report)Start date: 31 Mar 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 2 Apr 2020Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseManifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: rabies Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (87): countries with high local transmission, Congo DR

COVID-19 -- United StatesRegarding health monitoring related to the spread of the new coronavirus [SARS-CoV-2] on the national territory, there are 132 547 total cases. At the moment 93 187 people are positive for the virus; 22 837 people have recovered. There are 28 976 patients hospitalized with symptoms, 3898 are in intensive care, and 60 313 are in home isolation.There have been 16 523 reported deaths, however, this number can only be confirmed after the Istituto Superiore di Sanita has established Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (86): global, economic health security, new countries, WHO

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 589 / ... / 81 708 / 81 740 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9976 / ... / 10 284 / 10 331 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 5000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 142 070 / ... / 245 066 / ... / 336 830 / 367 004 / USA2 Feb 2020: 1 / ... / 84 / ... / 104 119 / ... / 131 646 / 136 675 / Spain2 Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Begomoviruses, basil – Uganda: new pathogens

Other Plant Disease -- UgandaBegomoviruses are plant viruses that cause major losses to many economically important crops. Although they are poorly understood, begomoviruses infecting wild plants may have an important role as reservoirs in the epidemiology of viral diseases. This study reports the discovery and genomic characterization of three novel bipartite begomoviruses from wild and cultivated African basil (_Ocimum gratissimum_) plants collected in Uganda, East Africa. Based on the symptoms Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (85): USA (NY) tiger, OIE

COVID-19 -- United StatesInformation received on [and dated] 6 Apr 2020 from Dr. from Dr Mark Davidson, associate administrator, USDA-APHIS, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of AmericaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 27 Mar 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Apr 2020Reason for notification: emerging diseaseMorbidity: 2 (scale 0 to 5)Mortality: 0 (scale 0 to 5)Zoonotic impact: zoonotic potential currently unknownCausal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (84): USA, tigers

COVID-19 — United States

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (83): countries with high local transmission, Turkey

COVID-19 -- United StatesRegarding health monitoring related to the spread of the new coronavirus [SARS-CoV-2] on the national territory, there are 128 948 total cases. At the moment 91 246 people are positive for the virus; 21 815 people have recovered. There are 28 949 patients hospitalized with symptoms, 3977 are in intensive care, and 58 320 are in home isolation.There have been 15 887 reported deaths, however, this number can only be confirmed after the Istituto Superiore di Sanita has established Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (82): global, Google & Vodafone tracking, new countries, WHO

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 470 / 81 518 / 81 554 / 81 589 / 81 620 / 81 639 /81 669 / 81 708 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9661 / 9786 / 9887 / 9976 / 10 062 / 10 156 / 10 237 / 10 284 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 5000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 142 070 / 164 248 / 188 530 / 215 081 / 245 066 / 277 161 / Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Crown rot, fennel – Italy: (SC) new fungus

Other Plant Disease -- ItalyA new fennel fungal disease caused by a new genus and species, _Ochraceocephala foeniculi_, was observed for the 1st time in 2017 on 5% of the "Apollo" fennel cultivar grown in sampled localities in Catania province, Italy. Now it has spread to 2 more cultivars, causing crop losses of around 20-30%. The new pathogen damages the fennel with necrotic lesions on the crown, root, and stem. The fungal species obtained from symptomatic tissues was identified based on morphological Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease – India (15): (KA) update

Hemorrhagic Fever -- IndiaA total of 2 positive cases of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD), also known as monkey fever, have been reported in the district [Shivamogga, Karnataka] since [Fri 3 Apr 2020].On Fri 3 Apr 2020, a 24 year old woman from Gundugadde village in Tirthahalli taluk [subdivision of a district] tested positive for KFD. She was an agriculture labourer and had been suffering from fever and aches in her joints since [30 Mar 2020]. A 34 year old farmer from Sindhuwadi village in Tirthahalli Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (81): WHO, China, S Korea

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown- One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Sab [Caribbean Netherlands].- As worldwide cases climb above 1 million and deaths over 50 000, Dr Tedros stressed that the best way for countries to end restrictions and ease their economic effects was to attack the virus with an aggressive and comprehensive package of measures.- WHO has released new technical guidance recommending universal access to public Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (80): global, countries with high transmission, vaccine

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 518 / 81 554 / 81 589 / 81 620 / 81 639 / 81 669 /Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9786 / 9887 / 9976 / 10 062 / 10 156 / 10 237 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 5000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 164 248 / 188 530 / 215 081 / 245 066 / 277 161 / 311 637 / USA2 Feb 2020: 1 / ... / 84 / ... Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African horse sickness – Thailand (02): (NR,CB,PK) spread, st pending

African Horse Sickness -- ThailandThe number of horses killed by a viral disease called African horse sickness [AHS] in Pak Chong district of the north eastern province [Nakhon Ratchasima] has risen to 146. Provincial livestock development office chief Pasawee Somjai said on Saturday [4 Apr 2020] that 13 other horses also had severe symptoms. There have been no reports of deaths in other districts, he added [but see commentary]. Earlier, tests confirmed that 73 horses in Pak Chong had died of AHS, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> COVID-19 update (79): research update

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownOnce SARS-CoV-2 is introduced in a long-term care skilled nursing facility (SNF), rapid transmission can occur.Following identification of a case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a healthcare worker, 76 of 82 residents of an SNF were tested for SARS-CoV-2; 23 (30%) had positive test results, about half of whom were asymptomatic or presymptomatic on the day of testing.Symptom-based screening of SNF residents might fail to identify all SARS-CoV-2 infections. Asymptomatic Read more [...]

PRO/ALL> New in IJID (04): April 2020

Not Yet Classified -- Worldwide/UnknownLi Wenliang, a face to the frontline healthcare worker. The first doctor to notify the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2, (COVID-19), outbreak.Eskild Petersen, David Hui, Davidson H Hamer, Lucille Blumberg, Lawrence C Madoff, Marjorie Pollack, et al.Int J Infect Dis. 2020; 93(Apr): 205-207.Is Africa prepared for tackling the COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic. Lessons from past outbreaks, ongoing pan-African public health efforts, and implications for the future.Nathan Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (78): countries with high local transmission

COVID-19 -- United StatesRegarding health monitoring related to the spread of the new coronavirus [SARS-CoV-2] on the national territory, there are 119 827 total cases. At the moment 85 388 people are positive for the virus; 19 758 people have recovered. There are 28 741 patients hospitalized with symptoms, 4068 are in intensive care, and 52 579 are in home isolation.There have been 14 681 reported deaths, however, this number can only be confirmed after the Istituto Superiore di Sanita has established Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (77): global, polio vacc on hold, new countries, WHO

Polio, COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 470 / 81 518 / 81 554 / 81 589 / 81 620 / 81 639 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9661 / 9786 / 9887 / 9976 / 10 062 / 10 156 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 1000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 142 070 / 164 248 / 188 530 / 215 081 / 245 066 / 277 161 / USA2 Feb 2020: 2 / ... / 1694 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (38): India, poultry, wild bird, HPAI H5N1, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N1 -- IndiaInformation received on [and dated] Thu 2 Apr 2020 from Dr Atul Chaturvedi, secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, New Delhi, IndiaSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 3 Mar 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Mar 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 3 Sep 2019Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Americas (06): Brazil, monkey, conservation concern

Yellow Fever -- BrazilIn April 2018, workers with the Associacao Mico-Leao-Dourado, a Brazilian non-governmental organisation [NGO] dedicated to the protection of the golden lion tamarin, found one of the endangered primates, apparently sick and unable to climb trees, lying on the forest floor in Aldeia, some 80 km (50 mi) north east of Rio de Janeiro city. The following day, field staff searched for the animal but could not find it within the sprawling tropical forest. But later that month, the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (76): China (HU) animal, cat, owned, stray, seropositive

COVID-19 -- ChinaCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in Wuhan, China, and rapidly spread worldwide. Previous studies suggested cat could be a potential susceptible animal of SARS-CoV-2. Here, we investigated the infection of SARS-CoV-2 in cats by detecting specific serum antibodies. A cohort of serum samples were collected from cats in Wuhan, including 102 sampled after COVID-19 outbreak and 39 prior to the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (75): China (Hong Kong) cat, OIE

COVID-19 -- ChinaInformation received on [and dated] 3 Apr 2020 from Dr Thomas Sit, chief veterinary officer/assistant director (inspection & quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR-PRC)SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 30 Mar 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Mar 2020Reason for notification: emerging diseaseMorbidity: 1 (scale 0 to 5)Mortality: 0 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (74): countries with high local transmission

COVID-19 -- United StatesRegarding health monitoring related to the spread of the new coronavirus [SARS-CoV-2] on the national territory, there are 115 242 total cases. At the moment 83 049 people are positive for the virus; 18 278 people have recovered. There are 28 540 patients hospitalized with symptoms, 4035 are in intensive care, and 48 134 are in home isolation.There have been 13 915 reported deaths, however, this number can only be confirmed after the Istituto Superiore di Sanita has established Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (73): global, cruise ships, new countries, WHO

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown2 Feb 2020: 17 187 / ... / 80 024 / ... / 81 470 / 81 518 / 81 554 / 81 589 / 81 620 / Mainland China2 Feb 2020: 15 / ... / 3726 / ... / 9661 / 9786 / 9887 / 9976 / 10 062 / South KoreaCountries with major activity (more than 1000 cases with community spread)------------------------------------------------------------------2 Feb 2020: 11 / ... / 76 / ... / 142 070 / 164 248 / 188 530 / 215 081 / 245 066 / USA2 Feb 2020: 2 / ... / 1694 / ... / 97 689 / 101 739 / 105 792 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever – West Africa (15): Nigeria

Lassa Fever -- NigeriaKey points----------Table 1: Summary of current week (13), cumulative from epiweeks 1-13, 2020, and comparison with previous year (2019)Current week (13) [23-29 Mar 2020) / Cumulative weeks 1-13 / Cumulative 2019 weeks 1-13Suspected cases: 182 / 4194 / 2034Confirmed cases: 19 / 951/ 526Probable cases: 0 / 14 / 15Deaths: 1 / 185 / 121Case fatality rate (CFR [%]): 5.3 / 19.5 / 23.0Number of states affected: 8 / 27 / 21Local government areas (LGAs) affected: 14 / 126 / Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (38): Hungary (CS) poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N8 -- HungaryInformation received on [and dated] 1 Apr 2020 from Dr Lajos Bognar, deputy state secretary chief veterinary officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, HungarySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 29 Mar 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Mar 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 31 Jan 2020Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infectionCausal agent: Read more [...]