Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (31): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, summaries, opinions, research

Ebola -- DR CongoVaccination - Since the beginning of vaccination on 8 Aug 2018, 91 286 persons have been vaccinated [see URL for number of vaccinees in each location].SPECIAL COMMUNICATION FROM THE MINISTER OF HEALTHThis Sun 24 Mar 2019, the Ebola outbreak in the provinces of North Kivu has exceeded the threshold of 1000 cases.Before being a public health emergency, an Ebola epidemic is above all a human and social tragedy. Behind these numbers are several hundred Congolese families directly Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Psittacosis – Sweden: wild bird contact

Psittacosis -- SwedenSwedish public health authorities, Folkhalsomyndigheten, is reporting an outbreak of psittacosis, or parrot disease, since November 2018. According to officials, some 60 cases have been reported from the regions of Vastra Gotaland, Kalmar, Jonkoping, and Skane. This is the highest number of cases reported in one winter in 2 decades.Those who have now fallen ill have mainly come into contact with bird droppings from wild birds, for example through the handling of bird tables and Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease – Europe (02): EFSA epidemiology 2017-2018, EU control policy

Lumpy Skin Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownVaccination and other control measures have succeeded in halting the epidemic of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in the Balkans, new data suggest.EFSA's latest report on the status of the disease in southeastern Europe shows that there were no new outbreaks in 2018. The number of outbreaks had declined dramatically in 2017, down to 385 from 7483 in 2016, and the latest data indicate that the disease is now absent from the region.More than 2.5 million cattle were vaccinated Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis – Europe: Denmark, fatal, WGS, smoked fish, ex Estonia, 2016-19

Listeriosis -- DenmarkDanish officials have solved a _Listeria_ outbreak that had been ongoing for 3 years. Cold-smoked fish products imported from Estonia are the source of the long-lasting outbreak, which had made 9 people sick and linked to 2 deaths since 2016.Statens Serum Institut (SSI), the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (Fodevarestyrelsen), and DTU Food - National Food Institute reported that 2 of the 9 cases that became ill with the same type of _Listeria_ were in 2019. Luise Muller Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza – UK (07): (England) horse, EIV H3N8 Florida clade 1, spread

Equine Influenza -- United KingdomThe 1st outbreak of equine flu in Cumbria, [England], has been confirmed by animal health officials. The Animal Health Trust says the horse affected was an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently arrived on a private yard in the county following post-purchase movement from another part of the UK.A report on the AHT website said the horse had shown signs of mild fever, coughing, and nasal discharge shortly after arriving and tested positive for EI [equine Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Varicella update (03): Philippines, USA (NM)

Chicken Pox -- United StatesA public elementary school in Tubungan town, Iloilo has recorded a total of 36 chickenpox cases from 15 Jan to 3 Mar [2019], the Provincial Health Office (PHO) said. In an interview on Wednesday [20 Mar 2019], Dr. Patricia Grace Trabado, PHO head, said the cases were observed as patients who sought treatment at the rural health units (RHU) and private clinics in Tubungan.All the cases were recorded in Cadabdab Elementary School, with 21 male and 15 female students affected. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – USA: travel alert

African Swine Fever -- United StatesThe US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) under secretary for marketing and regulatory programs, Greg Ibach, is alerting international travelers of a deadly swine disease they could unknowingly bring back into the United States on their clothes, shoes, or hands.African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly disease affecting both domestic and feral (wild) pigs. It does not affect human health and cannot be transmitted from pigs to humans. Recent spread Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (06): Sudan, vaccination

Yellow Fever -- SudanThe Federal Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and UNICEF, has launched a large-scale mass vaccination campaign in Sudan to vaccinate more than 8.3 million people 9 months to 60 years of age against yellow fever in the states of Blue Nile, Gezira and Sennar during 10-29 Mar 2019.The campaign represents a crucial step in protecting a large portion of the population and reducing the risk of severe and deadly Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (24): China, Viet Nam, domestic, spread, control, FAO

African Swine Fever -- ChinaChina:Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its 1st African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 Aug 2018, a total of 114 ASF outbreaks have been detected in 28 provinces/autonomous region/municipalities. More than 950 000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.[During the week 15-22 Mar 2019, a new ASF outbreak was reported from] Chongqing Municipality: one farm with 91 pigs in Shizhu County.Viet Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – India (04): (OR) cattle, human

Anthrax -- IndiaFear of an anthrax and diarrhoea outbreak has triggered panic in Dasmantpur area as 3 people have died of it. The 2 diseases may take the form of an epidemic at the block, which has increased tension among the residents of the area.A medical team also visited and inspected Padabagri village of Dumba Guda panchayat [village council] under the block in Koraput district. The team of officers, comprising Dadhi Baman Tripathy, ADMO Arun Kumar Padhi, Koraput DSMO S. Patnayak and a community Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis – Australia: eggs, alert, recall

Salmonella -- AustraliaAn egg recall has been announced following the discovery of a _Salmonella_ outbreak at a Victorian egg farm. The scare has prompted a recall of some brands of eggs from outlets in 4 states.To date, 5 cases of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Enteritidis have been linked to eggs produced by Victoria's Bridgewater Poultry, the state's health department said on [Thu 21 Mar 2019]. The company's free-range and barn-laid eggs are packaged as Woolworths brand, Victorian Fresh, and Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (12): Americas, USA (SC, CT) raccoon, dog, human exp

Rabies -- United States[One person] in Aiken county may have been exposed to rabies following an unfriendly encounter with a wild raccoon, according to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control [DHEC].According to a DHEC press release, the victim was on the North Augusta Greeneway Walking Trail on 16 Mar 2019 when they were bitten by a raccoon. The raccoon was later submitted to DHEC and tested positive for rabies. [Apparently the DHEC knows there is a victim so their earlier Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Zearalenone – India: (UP) cereal grain

-- IndiaResearchers from the Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR) have detected the presence of a toxin -- zearalenone -- in 84% of the cereals tested in Uttar Pradesh. The toxin, which is produced by soil fungi, behaves like an endocrine disruptor in humans, meaning this fungus can possibly lead to hormonal imbalances, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Various studies have also indicated signs of early puberty in girls on exposure to a high intake of this toxin.The Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus – North America: USA (05): USA (NV) horse

Equine Herpes Virus -- United StatesThe state of Nevada is recommending all equine events scheduled for this weekend [23-24 Mar 2019] in the Silver State be canceled due to 3 horses in southern Nevada recently testing positive for herpes.In a Tuesday morning [19 Mar 2019] statement from the Nevada Department of Agriculture, state veterinarian JJ Goicoechea "strongly urges" equine events, especially in southern Nevada, be shut down in efforts to slow the spread of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1), Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness – India: (OR) mushrooms susp.

Foodborne Illness -- IndiaThree members of a family, including 2 minor girls, fell sick after consuming toxic wild mushrooms in Mirigikhoji village under Patana block in Keonjhar district.According to sources, some members of the family complained of vomiting and nausea after consuming the wild mushroom. They were rushed to the Keonjhar district headquarters hospital where their health condition is stated to be critical.Although the actual reason behind the illness has not been ascertained, the doctor Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed poisoning – Malaysia (02): (JH) toxic waste

Poisoning -- MalaysiaOne suspect in the illegal chemical dumping activities in Sungai Kim Kim in Pasir Gudang here last Thursday [7 Mar 2019] is expected to be charged tomorrow [Thu 14 Mar 2019].Energy, science, technology, environment and climate change minister Yeo Bee Yin said the Department of Environment (DoE) had completed the investigation paper on the case and submitted it to the public prosecutor's office today [Wed 13 Mar 2019]."The suspect, one of the 3 arrested earlier this week, is the Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (21): global (Nigeria), Pakistan

Polio -- NigeriaNew wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2019: 6Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 33New cVDPV cases reported this week: 1Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2019: 2Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2018: 104Headlines- Following cyclone Idai's landfall in Mozambique, accessibility in many areas remains a challenge, particularly Beira city. However, outside of Beira, polio outbreak response is ongoing Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (08): Americas (USA) hawk, alert

West Nile Virus -- United StatesA dead Cooper's hawk found in Lakeside has tested positive for West Nile virus [WNV], making it the 1st sign this year [2019] of the potentially deadly disease in San Diego County.County Vector Control officials said people should remember to follow the County's "Prevent, Protect, Report" guidelines -- particularly to dump out standing water and to wear insect repellent -- to protect themselves from mosquitoes that can transmit WNV and other diseases, such as chikungunya, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (04): USA (PA) outbreak

Mumps -- United StatesSt. Joe's Student Health Center and the Philadelphia Department of Public Health have advised students on campus to take precautionary measures after an outbreak of mumps at nearby Temple University.At the end of last month [February 2019], right before the school's spring break, Temple released a statement that there were 4 confirmed cases of mumps on campus. As of [18 Mar 2019], there have been 54 cases of mumps at Temple -- 12 confirmed and 42 probable --, according to the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (36): Saudi Arabia (NJ, AS, RI)

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the period from 13-21 Mar 2019, there have been a total of 3 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported with the most recent case being reported on 16 Mar 2019. In addition there have been 13 outcomes reported -- 2 deaths and 11 recoveries.Information on newly confirmed cases (3):[1]Date of confirmation report: 15 Mar 2019Case No: 19-1879MERS in Abha city: 41-year-old male in Abha city, Aseer [`Asīr] regionContact with camels: NoCase classification: Under Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal – Africa Mn belt: emergence of new sg post-mass vaccn.

Meningitis - Neisseria -- Worldwide/UnknownThe major cause of meningitis in Africa has changed in recent years, a study published in EBioMedicine and funded by Meningitis Research Foundation has confirmed. A type of bacterial meningitis called MenA (meningococcal group A) has seen huge declines, but now meningococcal groups W, X, and C have risen as major causes of meningitis in the African region known as the meningitis belt [Ref. 1].The meningitis belt countries of sub-Saharan Africa have been Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (30): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, summaries, WHO, preparedness

Ebola -- DR Congo- In the last 21 days, 97 new cases have been reported. The 3 main households for this period are Katwa (33 cases, or 34%), Masereka (18 cases, or 18.6%), and Mandima (15 cases, or 15.5%).- This increase in cases was expected, given the paralysis of the response in the town of Butembo after the armed attacks against the 2 CTEs. In addition, the community dialogue is starting to bear fruit. We are seeing an increase in alerts reported by the community, which makes it possible to detect Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (03): Americas, Africa, Asia

Chikungunya — Worldwide/Unknown

PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease – Europe: Russia (UD) bovine, OIE

Lumpy Skin Disease -- RussiaInformation received on [and dated] 18 Mar 2019 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, RussiaSummary:Report type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 7 Mar 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 15 Feb 2019Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: lumpy skin Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (23): China, Viet Nam, domestic, Cambodia, alert

African Swine Fever -- ChinaWhen pigs on the Xinda Husbandry Co. Ltd breeding farm in northern China began dying in growing numbers in early January [2019], it looked increasingly likely that the farm had been struck by the much feared African swine fever [ASF], an incurable disease that has spread rapidly across the country since last year [2018].But after taking samples from some pigs, local officials in the Xushui district of Baoding city, about an hour's drive from Beijing, said their tests came Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Antibiotic resistance – USA: spraying streptomycin on citrus trees, EPA

Antimicrobial resistance -- United StatesConsumer Reports urged the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reverse its proposed decision to allow the use of streptomycin to treat citrus disease because of the unacceptable risk it could pose to human health and the environment.In comments submitted to the EPA, the consumer group noted that the proposal would result in a 26-fold increase in the use of streptomycin in plant agriculture and could trigger antibiotic resistance that would reduce the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Agbeni – Norway (02): dried fruit, alert, recall, 2nd serotype

Salmonella -- NorwayMore cases of salmonellosis have been reported in Norway with a link to imported dried fruit and coconut. _Salmonella_ Agbeni has been detected in several samples of the snack mixes. _Salmonella_ Gamaba was also found in 2 unopened packages from the same lot. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Folkehelseinstituttet) reported 32 confirmed and 7 possible _Salmonella_ Agbeni cases in an update from the 21 confirmed and 9 possible infections earlier this month [March 2019].Bama Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed poisoning – Malaysia: (JH)

Poisoning -- MalaysiaOver 100 schools have been closed after the dumping of toxic waste into a river caused hundreds of people to fall ill, including many children, authorities said in Malaysia. Over 500 people, many of them school pupils, have received medical treatment after inhaling the fumes.A lorry [truck] is believed to have dumped the waste in southern Johor state last week, sending hazardous fumes across a wide area.Education Minister Maszlee Malik said his Ministry has decided to close all Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis – USA (02): (CA) dogs

Leptospirosis -- United StatesA rare bacterial disease that every pet owner should know about has surfaced in a Citrus Heights pet. Leptospirosis is spread from wild animals to pets and humans.The disease is found in standing water and with all the rain lately, veterinarians are reminding people to vaccinate pets. All it takes is a puddle of water or an infected blade of grass to infect an animal, but Leptospirosis is preventable through vaccination.Alarm bells are sounding after a Citrus Heights Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths – Cote d'Ivoire: herbal tea susp.

Undiagnosed -- Cote d'IvoireTwo people, including a 70-year-old woman, died on [Sun 17 Mar 2019] in the village of Yrouzon and 4 other people were admitted to the general hospital of Duekoue (West, region of Guemon), after having consumed a decoction of herbal tea, supposed to cure malaria.According to information collected from the victims, a decoction of herbal tea was prepared the day before by the wife of the young -30 years old- BN, that passed away instantly. [BN may have been trying to relieve Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis – USA: (GA) horse

Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United StatesA horse in Lowndes County has tested positive for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).Public Health officials urge South Georgians to always wear mosquito spray whenever outdoors to guard against mosquito-borne illnesses no matter how early in the season it may seem."It is crucial to remember that it is never too early for mosquito bite prevention," says Kenneth Lowery, district epidemiologist. "While we generally see EEE beginning in late spring, it would Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Zika virus (02): Americas, Asia, research, observations

Zika virus -- Worldwide/UnknownJulia A. Brown, Gursewwak Singh, Joshua A. Acklin, Silviana Lee, James E. Duehr, Anupa N. Chokola et al. Dengue Virus Immunity Increases Zika Virus-Induced Damage During Pregnancy.Highlights- Dengue-specific antibodies can enhance Zika virus pathogenesis during pregnancy- Enhancement of Zika pathogenesis was observed in the placenta, not in the fetus- Placental damage was associated with an increase in infected trophoblasts- This process was found to be FcyR mediatedZika Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (11): Americas, USA (FL) raccoon, alert

Rabies -- United StatesA rabies alert has been expanded to all of Bay County. The Florida Department of Health in Bay County is expanding a rabies alert issued in March [2019]. Health officials say there were 4 confirmed rabies cases in the span of a month.Health officials say the most recent case involved a rabid raccoon killed by dogs off Oakenshaw Drive between Highway 2301 and Camp Flowers Road in Youngstown. Florida law requires pets 4 months or older to be vaccinated. If an animal is not vaccinated, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Die-off, bighorn sheep – USA: (CA) pneumonia susp.

Pneumonia -- United StatesAerial and ground surveys of Southern California's Mount San Gorgonio desert bighorn sheep population conducted during early March [2019] have confirmed a severe decline in numbers. Biologists from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) and partner agencies counted 60 animals, approximately 1/3rd the number counted in the last helicopter survey conducted in March 2016.This reduction appears to be consistent with an outbreak of respiratory disease that CDFW Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis, African – South Africa: ex Zambia, South Luangwa Natl. Park

African Trypanosomiasis — South Africa

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (17): Nepal (TH) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N1 -- NepalInformation received on [and dated] 17 Mar 2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NepalSummary:Report type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 14 Feb 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Mar 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 10 Sep 2018Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: Highly pathogenic Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (29): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, control

Ebola -- DR CongoVaccination- Since vaccination began on 8 Aug 2018, 88 533 people have been vaccinated [See URL for number of vaccinees in each location.]--communicated by:ProMED-mail rapporteur Mary Marshall- 15 Mar 2019. Epidemiological situation report, DRC Ministry of Health [in French, machine trans., abridged, edited]The epidemiological situation of the Ebola virus disease dated 14 Mar 2019:- Since the beginning of the epidemic, the cumulative number of cases is 936, 871 Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal – Niger: counterfeit vaccine

Meningitis - Neisseria -- NigerHealth authorities in Niger said Friday [15 Mar 2019] they had found a fake version of a meningitis vaccine after the country had launched a campaign to inoculate millions of children against the disease. In a statement, the health ministry asked doctors to be vigilant over a "counterfeit" version of a vaccine called Mencevax ACWY. The fake drug is marked as having been manufactured in December 2016, with an end-date for use by November 2021, it said.Niger launched Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (06): Asia, Pacific, research

Dengue -- Worldwide/UnknownA recently published population-based cohort study by Li and colleagues (1) suggests that stroke patients in Taiwan were 2.49 times more likely to have been diagnosed with dengue infection in the preceding 2 months relative to paired controls. Although rare, dengue-associated stroke does meet the criteria for severe dengue diagnosis based on guidelines from the World Health Organization (2). Li and colleagues report an overall increase in the incidence of stroke attributable Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever – Mayotte (05): more cases, human, cattle

Rift Valley Fever -- Région d'outre-mer de Mayotte, FranceThe circulation of Rift Valley fever (RVF) continues in Mayotte. An animal disease of viral origin, Rift Valley fever mainly affects domestic ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats), causing abortions and high mortality in young animals. It can be transmitted from the infected animal to humans.In total, since the beginning of the epidemic (end of November [2018]),- samples taken by veterinarians from sick animals or during abortions led to Read more [...]