Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (301): Denmark (ND) Netherlands (NB) farmed mink, spread, control

COVID-19 -- DenmarkThe National Board of Health recommends the following infection prevention measures if you have contact with mink in a suspected or infected herd:1. Personnel with symptoms of COVID-19 should be tested and not come into the stable.2. Restrict the circle of persons in the stable and avoid visitors.3. Pets are not allowed in the barn.4. Avoid contact with house cats.5. Hand hygiene:- The hands are washed frequently and at least before entering the stable; after contact with Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 Update (300): Korea antibodies, China asymptomatic index case, WHO

COVID-19 -- South KoreaResearch letter:Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a new strain of betacoronavirus that causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19), quickly spread worldwide; the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic on [11 Mar 2020] (1). Recent studies showed that a substantial number of asymptomatic COVID-19 patients contributed to the rapid dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 (2). In hospitalized COVID-19 patients, neutralizing antibody production was shown Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (299): USA (GA) animal, dog conf

COVID-19 -- United StatesPeople who test positive for COVID-19 should take precautions if they have pets in the household, according to the Georgia Department of Public Health.- When possible, have another member of your household care for your pets while you are sick.- Avoid contact with your pet including petting, snuggling, being kissed or licked, sharing food, and sleeping in the same bed.- If you must care for your pet or be around animals while you are sick, wear a cloth face covering and wash Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Sheep pox & goat pox – Israel: (HZ) sheep OIE

Sheep/Goat Pox -- IsraelInformation received on [and dated] 2 Jul 2020 from Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, IsraelSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 24 Jun 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 25 Jun 2020Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 15 Jul 2018Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal agent: Sheep pox Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria – Viet Nam: fatal

Diphtheria -- VietnamThe Central Highlands province of Kon Tum on Monday evening [29 Jun 2020] reported 3 cases of diphtheria, bringing the total number in the province since the beginning of this year [2020] to 8.According to the province's Health Department, the 3 latest diphtheria patients include 2 people aged 11 and 25 in Dak To District and another aged 10 in Sa Thay District. They are being treated at the districts' health care centres and are in a stable condition.The province's Centre for Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (298): Al Jazeera, selected countries, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownUSAThe United States has bought nearly all the available global supplies for the next 3 months of anti-viral drug remdesivir, one of 2 drugs that have proven to be effective against COVID-19. The US Department of Health Services (HHS) announced on Monday [29 Jun 2020] it had secured more than 500 000 treatment courses of remdesivir from drugmaker Gilead Sciences for US hospitals until September [2020].Remdesivir, which is administered intravenously in hospital, is the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague – Mongolia (02): (HD) bubonic, marmot exposure

Plague -- MongoliaTwo brothers have contracted the deadly bubonic plague after feasting on the meat of rodents. The men, from Mongolia, are said to have contracted the deadly disease from marmots, in a country where consuming the innards of the animals is traditionally believed to be good for your health. A 27-year-old and his brother, 17, are being treated in separate hospitals in Khovd province in western Mongolia. The older brother is in a "critical" condition.The cases have now sparked urgent Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Typhimurium – Australia: (QL) live poultry

Salmonella -- AustraliaQueensland's latest salmonellosis outbreak has caused officials to warn backyard chicken owners to practice biosecurity steps to ensure everyone's safety in handling the animals. Since 26 Jun 2020, 17 cases of _Salmonella enterica_ serotype Typhimurium have been documented. According to ABC News, 13 of the cases were aged 11 or younger. Additionally, 5 out of the 17 cases were admitted to the hospital. The recent outbreak has been associated with chicks from an unnamed supplier.Queensland Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, elephant – Botswana: RFI

Undiagnosed -- BotswanaMystery surrounds the "completely unprecedented" deaths of hundreds of elephants in Botswana over the last 2 months.Dr. Niall McCann said colleagues in the southern African country had spotted more than 350 elephant carcasses in the Okavango Delta since the start of May [2020]. No one knows why the animals are dying, with lab results on samples still weeks away, according to the government.Botswana is home to 1/3 of Africa's declining elephant population.Dr. McCann, of the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease – USA (07): (western & eastern states) domestic & wild rabbits

Other Animal Disease -- United StatesVeterinarians with the Nevada Department of Wildlife (NDOW) and Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA), in conjunction with the USDA, have confirmed the 1st case of rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2) in Nevada's wild rabbit population.RHDV2 has been confirmed in both domestic and wild rabbit populations of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. Utah has confirmed a domestic rabbit was recently diagnosed with RHDV2 in the state."This disease Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Influenza (06): China, swine, H1N1 pandemic potential

Influenza H1N1 -- ChinaA new strain of flu discovered in China has the potential to become another pandemic, and humans would be extremely vulnerable to it.Scientists have identified a strain of influenza that has recently emerged among pigs called G4 EA H1N1. It's similar to the swine flu of 2009, and researchers say it's one to keep an eye on even as the world struggles to bring the current COVID-19 pandemic under control.They have discovered evidence of it infecting people working in abattoirs Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague – Mongolia: (HD) bubonic, marmot exposure

Plague -- MongoliaA suspected case of bubonic plague has been reported in western Mongolia, reported Xinhua news agency, based on a local media report on Tuesday [30 Jun 2020], which cites the country's National Centre for Zoonotic Diseases (NCZD)."A 27-year-old resident of Tsetseg soum in Khovd [Hovd] province was taken to a hospital on Sunday [28 Jun 2020] after eating marmot meat. Preliminary test results revealed on Monday [29 Jun 2020] that he... (had contracted) the bubonic plague," the NCZD Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Argentina (02): human, livestock, 2019

Anthrax -- ArgentinaAgain, after 42 years of permanent assessment of this zoonosis, we insist on the fact that "Only persevering in the vaccination of bovines on an annual basis and in efficiently eliminating the carcasses of dead animals, will facilitate the reduction of the load of _Bacillus anthracis_ spores on the soils, and will control this zoonosis." The various indicators assessed show significant progress but not enough for control.Summary------1. Assessment area of rural carbuncle in the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (297): USA anatomy of 4 hotspots, selected countries, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesFlorida's stay home order expired shortly after Texas', on 4 May [2020]. While the state's most populous counties, Miami-Dade and Broward, held off until 18 May [2020], Florida still had one of the more aggressive reopening strategies in the US. Disney properties and beaches began reopening by the end of last month [May 2020], just as Americans across the country celebrated the Memorial Day holiday [the last Monday in May]. Days into June [2020], bars, restaurants, gyms, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (22): Viet Nam, spread

African Swine Fever -- VietnamAfrican swine fever (ASF) has occurred in 45 provinces and cities in Viet Nam since early this year [2020], leading to the culling of 34 000 pigs, Vietnam News Agency cited the country's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development as reporting on Monday [29 Jun 2020].While some of the localities have been declared clear of the epidemic, currently 238 communes of 19 localities are still suffering from the disease, with an ASF outbreak reported within the past 30 days, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – UK, Ireland (02): cheese spread, risk, recall, commentary

Botulism — United Kingdom

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax vaccination, human: single dose

Anthrax -- Worldwide/UnknownAltimmune, Inc. (Nasdaq: ALT), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, today [30 Jun 2020] announced dosing of the 1st patient in the Company's Phase 1b clinical trial of NasoShield, a single dose intranasal anthrax vaccine candidate. The NasoShield program is being developed under a contract with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), with a total potential value of USD 133.7 million if all options in the contract (HHSO100201600008C) are Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (296): selected countries

COVID-19 -- ChinaNew York: 417 328 / 541California: 222 985 / 6896New Jersey: 176 399 / 45Texas: 159 310 / 6135Florida: 146 341 / 5266Illinois: 143 514 / 738Massachusetts: 108 768 / 101Pennsylvania: 90 555 / 681Georgia: 79 417 / 2207Arizona: 76 987 / 3079Michigan: 70 223 / 277Maryland: 67 254 / 477North Carolina: 63 734 / 1537Virginia: 62 189 / 453Louisiana: 57 095 / 837Ohio: 51 655 / 755Connecticut: 46 362 / 59Indiana: 45 228 / 298Tennessee: 42 297 / 2125Alabama: 37 175 / Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (295): institutional serial testing post exposure WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesSummary-------What is already known about this topic?Correctional and detention facilities face unique challenges in detecting and mitigating transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection.What is added by this report?Testing among quarantined contacts of patients with COVID-19 in a correctional and detention facility identified a high proportion of asymptomatic and presymptomatic cases that were not identified through symptom screening alone. Approximately one fourth of cases were Read more [...]

PRO/PL> ProMED-AMR, plants: antibiotic use in agriculture

Other Plant Disease — Worldwide/Unknown

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness – India (02): (OR) RFI

Undiagnosed -- IndiaFear of an unknown disease has gripped the remote villages in Patrapur block after death of 2 persons in the last 24 hours. As many as 20 others have also been afflicted.A 5-year-old boy of Aliara village in Ankuli got a fever 4 days ago. When his condition did not improve, he was taken to Patrapur hospital on Saturday [27 Jun 2020] but succumbed.Similarly, a 44-year-old woman of Hukuma village in Mandarada fell sick on Saturday [27 Jun 2020], but by the time the ambulance arrived, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – UK, Ireland: cheese spread, risk, recall

Botulism -- United KingdomPrimula Ltd. has recalled cheese spread in tubes in the United Kingdom and Ireland because of possible contamination with _Clostridium botulinum_ due to a production fault. Primula, part of the Kavli Group, recalled 10 varieties after finding one product contained _C. botulinum_ during a routine test and due to concerns other items in the range could be affected.Manufacturing controls that could potentially affect safety of the products could not be demonstrated satisfactorily Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (294): selected countries

COVID-19 -- ChinaThe health ministry on Sunday [28 Jun 2020] announced 144 virus deaths in the past 24 hours, its highest for a single day since [5 Apr 2020], raising the total to 10 508. Spokeswoman Sima Sadat Lari also raised total confirmed infections to 222 669, with 2489 new cases during the same period.Official figures have shown an upward trajectory in new confirmed cases since early May [2020], when Iran hit a near 2-month low in daily recorded infections. "Considering the rising numbers, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (293): Meat plants, China (HB) WHO, global

COVID-19 -- ChinaThe Toennies contract workers were thus in constant danger of infecting themselves. But are the consumers who buy and eat the slaughterhouse's meat also in danger?Coronaviruses are even more stable when they are frozen than when they are cooled. Experiments with other coronaviruses have shown that they can remain infectious for up to 2 years at -20 deg C [-4 deg F]. Nevertheless, the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from supermarket meat to a consumer is unlikely.The German Federal Institute Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia – Hungary: (BK) OIE

Equine Infectious Anemia -- HungaryInformation received on [and dated] on Wed 24 Jun 2020 from Dr Lajos Bognar, Deputy State Secretary Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, HungarySummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 5 Jun 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 24 Jun 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 14 Jan 2020Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infectionCausal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus – North America (08): USA (NY) Belmont Stakes, horse

Equine Herpes Virus -- United StatesOfficials at the New York Racing Association, Inc. (NYRA) and New York State Gaming Commission (NYSGC) have placed Barn 37 at Belmont Park under a precautionary quarantine after a suspected case of Equine Herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) developed in the barn.Freudnme, a 4-year-old colt trained by Chris Englehart, exhibited fever and neurological signs on Saturday [27 Jun 2020] morning and has started treatment under the care of a private veterinarian.Freudnme last raced Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC – South Korea (02): (KG) school

E. coli -- South KoreaThe number of people infected with a strain of _E. coli_ rose to 57 in Ansan, while the source of the bacteria is still unknown, health authorities said Sat 27 Jun 2020.Health authorities have widened a probe into the _E. coli_ outbreak in the city, about 50 km south of Seoul, since a kindergarten student in the city showed symptoms of illness on 12 Jun 2020.The outbreak centered on the kindergarten in Ansan as health authorities collected samples from all 202 students and teachers Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis – Malaysia: (PG)

Japanese Encephalitis -- MalaysiaPenang has reported 2 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in the locality of Sungai Bakap, Seberang Prai Selatan.The last time authorities detected JE in Penang was in 2018.For the uninitiated, JE is caused by a type of virus related to dengue and is spread in a similar manner too, via mosquitoes. There is no cure for JE, but safe and effective vaccines are available.According to the World Health Organization, common symptoms of JE are mild, and include fever and Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Tuberculosis – Australia: (NSW) nosocomial, genomic testing, RFI

Hospital-Related Infection -- AustraliaHealth authorities are testing hundreds of staff and patients exposed to tuberculosis after St. Vincent's Hospital [in inner Sydney] detected a cluster of highly infectious cases among a group of patients.Genomic testing revealed 5 people were infected with an identical strain of [_Mycobacterium tuberculosis_, causing] active tuberculosis (TB). "The cases are linked genetically. All 4 patients have exactly the same bug," said Dr Anthony Byrne, a thoracic physician Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Liberibacter solanacearum – South America: 1st rep (Ecuador)

Other Plant Disease -- EcuadorDuring August to December 2019, symptoms resembling those of '_Candidatus_ Liberibacter solanacearum' (Lso) were observed in commercial fields of tamarillo (_Solanum betaceum_) and cape gooseberry (_Physalis peruviana_) in Pichincha and Imbabura provinces of Ecuador. Symptoms in tamarillo were pink coloration of new leaves (less than 10% incidence) and shoot proliferation (ca. 30% incidence), similar to those described in New Zealand [see link below], and wilting in Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (19): Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan ex Philippines) animal, human

Rabies -- MalaysiaMalaysia's Ministry of Health reported an additional human rabies death in Sarawak state. The case was a 62-year-old man from Sibu who passed away on Tuesday [23 Jun 2020].The deceased was bitten by a brother's dog in his right calf while visiting his relative's house on West Sentosa Road, Sibu, on 12 May 2020. He had washed the wound with water and soap for 15 minutes and had sought treatment at a health facility. However, he did not return to the facility for an injection of anti-rabies Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> COVID-19 update (292): selected countries

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownNew York: 416 018 / 811California: 210 849 / 4226New Jersey: 176 045 / 286Texas: 148 845 / 6079Illinois: 142 130 / 786Florida: 132 545 / 9585Massachusetts: 108 443 / 373Pennsylvania: 89 488 / 540Georgia: 74 985 / 1990Arizona: 70 051 / 3593Michigan: 69 679 / 350Maryland: 66 450 / 335Virginia: 61 247 / 677North Carolina: 60 621 / 1541Louisiana: 54 804 / 0Ohio: 49 907 / 830Connecticut: 46 206 / 147Indiana: 44 575 / 435Tennessee: 40 172 / 728Alabama: 35 083 / Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (19): Americas (USA) bat, cat, dog, human exposure

Rabies -- United StatesHealth officials in South Carolina say one person was exposed to a bat with rabies while administering care to it. [I am not quite sure what kind of care the person was administering, or if the bat was injured. If this was wildlife rehabilitator, then the person should have known about potential rabies and taken extra precautions. - Mod.TG]The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control said the bat was found in Warrenville, South Carolina, on 11 Jun 2020. Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (06): Asia, Africa

Cholera -- Malaysia1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA, Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003; 37(3): 398-405; .2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF, Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (2): CD006519; .3. Gore SM, Fontaine O, Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool output and duration of diarrhea: meta-analysis of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Uganda: (KS) cattle carcasses

Anthrax -- UgandaPolice in Katwe Kabatooro Town Council, in Kasese district, is holding 2 men who were found in possession of contaminated meat. The head of the Veterinary Department at the district, Geoffrey Kalule, says that the meat tested positive for anthrax, which poses a threat to the lives of the consumers. Kalule says the meat will be disposed of once they secure a court order.The duo was intercepted at Katunguru roadblock while driving a vehicle to Kibara village in Mpondwe lhubiriha Town Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Cyclosporiasis – USA (03): salad mix, recall, CDC

Foodborne Illness -- United StatesCDC has important advice for consumers and retailers in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin:Do not eat, sell, or serve:- Recalled Marketside brand Classic Iceberg SaladSold at Walmart stores in Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin12-ounce and 24-ounce bagsUse-by dates of 19 May 2020 through 4 Jul 2020- Recalled Little Salad Bar brand Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (290): selected countries

COVID-19 -- ChinaNew York: 415 207 / 933California: 206 623 / 5619New Jersey: 175 759 / 413Texas: 142 766 / 5614Illinois: 141 344 / 1910Florida: 122 960 / 8942Massachusetts: 108 070 / 233Pennsylvania: 88 948 / 610Georgia: 72 995 / 1900Michigan: 69 329 / 340Arizona: 66 458 / 3428Maryland: 66 115 / 338Virginia: 60 570 / 624North Carolina: 59 080 / 1695Louisiana: 54 804 / 1310Ohio: 49 077 / 1002Connecticut: 46 059 / 65Indiana: 44 140 / 485Tennessee: 39 444 / 1410Minnesota: 34 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (289): Europe, disease in pediatric patients, India, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/Unknown- On 25 Jun 2020, Health Minister Jens Spahn of Germany and Solidarity and Health Minister Olivier Veran of France visited WHO headquarters. During a press briefing, they expressed their solidarity and additional support to both COVID-19 response and WHO's core programmes.- Yesterday [25 Jun 2020], the Ebola virus disease outbreak in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was declared over after nearly 2 years. The WHO Regional Office for Africa and partners Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Duck egg-drop syndrome – Taiwan: Tembusu virus, 1st report

Other Animal Disease -- China1. Y Tang, X Gao, Y Diao, et al.: Tembusu Virus in Human, China. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2013; 60(3): 193-6; doi: 10.1111/tbed.12085.2. Wang HJ, Li XF, Liu L, et al.: The Emerging Duck Flavivirus Is Not Pathogenic for Primates and Is Highly Sensitive to Mammalian Interferon Antiviral Signaling. J Virol. 2016; 90(14): 6538-6548; doi: 10.1128/JVI.00197-16.3. Zhang W, Chen S, Mahalingam S, et al.: An Updated Review of Avian-Origin Tembusu Virus: A Newly Emerging Avian _Flavivirus_. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease – USA (06): (western states) domestic and wild lagomorphs

Other Animal Disease -- United StatesA viral disease that kills wild and domesticated rabbits is spreading in the Western USA. Dr. Ralph Zimmerman, state veterinarian in New Mexico, said, "There are areas around the state where we're not seeing rabbits at all."In April [2020], his state became the 1st in the USA with confirmed infections in wildlife with rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 2 (RHDV-2), which affects the European rabbits raised as pets or farmed and at least some wild rabbits Read more [...]