Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (35): Viet Nam (HU) backyard, HPAI H5N1, OIE

Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Worldwide/UnknownInformation received on [and dated] 20 May 2019 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Viet NamSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 4 May 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 13 May 2019Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 11 Mar 2019Manifestation of disease: clinical Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Zimbabwe (06): (MN) wildlife, comment

Anthrax -- ZimbabweThere is confusion in media sources regarding the location of the current anthrax outbreak in Zimbabwe, with some media sources mistakenly reporting the location of the outbreak as "Hwange National Park".As noted in the [ProMED post referenced above], the outbreak is actually occurring in 2 sections of the Matetsi Safari Area (Matetsi Unit 6 and Matetsi Unit 7).These areas are situated some 100 km [62 mi] northwest of the northern border of Hwange National Park, in the area to Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Lesotho: (MS) cattle, OIE

Anthrax -- LesothoInformation received on [and dated] 21 May 2019 from Dr Gerard Relebohile Mahloane, Director General of Veterinary Services, Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Maseru, LesothoSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 12 May 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 18 May 2019Report date: 21 May 2019Date submitted to OIE: 21 May 2019Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 10 May Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – Libya (02): (ZW) sheep, st pending, OIE

Foot and Mouth -- LibyaInformation received on 23 May 2019 from Dr Zakaria Mohamed Mustafa Elkhatal, Director General, National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), Ministry of Agriculture, Animal & Marine Wealth, Tripoli, LibyaSummaryReport type: follow-up report no. 1Date of start of the event: 25 Apr 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 3 May 2019Report date: 22 May 2019Date submitted to OIE: 23 May 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 30 Dec Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Africa (09): Namibia, update

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- NamibiaThe Ministry of Health and Social Services of Namibia officially declared an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) on [6 May 2019] after reporting a number of cases from different regions of the country.As of 15 May 2019, 7 suspected cases of CCHF were reported from 5 regions, including one laboratory confirmed case out of 7 samples tested and one death (case fatality ratio 14 percent).The Ministry of Health and Social Services detail the cases/locations Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever – Denmark: ex Pakistan, multidrug resistance

Typhoid -- PakistanIn Denmark, typhoid fever is a rare infection in returning travelers with fewer than 100 cases in our laboratory during the past 20 years. On a global level, the WHO estimates between 11 and 22 million cases with 128 000 to 161 000 deaths annually [1]. Since November 2016, an outbreak of _Salmonella enterica_ serotype Typhi resistant to ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, fluoroquinolones and ceftriaxone has been ongoing in the Sindh Province in Pakistan, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Leishmaniasis – Lebanon: ex Syria, refugees, cutaneous

Leishmaniasis — Lebanon

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (46): China (GZ) domestic, spread, OIE

African Swine Fever -- ChinaInformation received on [and dated] 21 May 2019 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, director general, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep of)SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 17 May 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 18 May 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 3 Feb 2019Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (37): Pakistan, Nigeria

Polio -- NigerNew wild poliovirus reported this week:AFP cases: 2Environment: 7 [8?]New cVDPV poliovirus reported this week:AFP cases: 1Environment: 3Officially reported wild poliovirus cases as of 21 May 2019--------------------------Total global cases in 2019: 24 (compared with 8 for the same period in 2018)- Total in endemic countries in 2019: 24 (compared with 8 for the same period in 2018)- Total in non-endemic countries in 2019: 0 (compared with 0 for the same period in Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Myanmar: (ML) bovine, OIE

Anthrax -- MyanmarInformation received on 25 May 2018 from Dr. Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, MyanmarSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 4 May 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 24 May 2018Report date: 25 May 2018Date submitted to OIE: 25 May 2018Date event resolved: 14 May 2018Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Scrub typhus – India (03): (KL)

Scrub Typhus -- IndiaStaff of the Health Department distributed preventive medicines among residents of a tribal colony at Karassery grama panchayat in Kozhikode district on [Wed 22 May 2019] after lab results confirmed that the death of one of the residents there was due to scrub typhus, a disease caused by the bacterium _Orientia tsutsugamushi_.According to sources, the patient, 65 [years of age], of Mayangal colony in the panchayat [village] had died on [4 May 2019] after undergoing treatment Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Europe: Germany

Hantavirus -- GermanyMore and more people are catching the harmful hantavirus. There have already been more than 200 registered cases in Baden-Wurttemberg in 2019, compared with only a dozen or so in the same period last year. Those infected experience flu-like symptoms, which in more severe cases can lead to kidney failure and lung disease.The number of cases in Stuttgart has risen particularly sharply. The regional council announced on 15 May [2019] that so far this year 211 cases have already Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Southern tomato virus – UK: 1st rep

Other Plant Disease -- United KingdomA new and previously unrecorded outbreak of '_Southern tomato virus_' (STV) has been reported in the UK. The virus has been previously reported around mainland Europe for some years.The virus (which displays symptoms akin to ToBRFV [_Tomato brown rugose fruit virus_]/PepMV [_Pepino mosaic virus_]) does not seem to be very damaging to tomato plants and is thought to be seed borne. Where outbreaks occur the virus is not easily mechanically moved so removal of affected Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis – Europe (02): Belgium (OV)

Legionnaires' -- BelgiumAn additional patient, the 19th, was admitted to the hospital in Flanders, [East Flanders province] suffering from legionellosis.This case comes in addition to the 18 others who have been exposed to _Legionella_ bacteria in the Evergem area [East Flanders], right next to Ghent, and who developed legionnaires' disease, a lung disease that is not transmitted from human to human.Of the total of 19 patients, 2 men died: one Monday night [20 May 2019] and the other [Wed 22 May Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria – Algeria, Argentina: WHO certified malaria-free

Malaria -- AlgeriaAlgeria and Argentina have been officially recognized by WHO as malaria-free.The certification is granted when a country proves that it has interrupted indigenous transmission of the disease for at least 3 consecutive years.Contracted through the bite of an infected mosquito, malaria remains one of the world's leading killers, with an estimated 219 million cases and over 400 000 malaria-related deaths in 2017.Approximately 60% of fatalities are among children aged under 5 years. Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary – India: (KL) fatal

Amoeba -- India1. Sood A, Chauhan S, Chandel L, Jaryal SC. Prompt diagnosis and extraordinary survival from _Naegleria fowleri_ meningitis: A rare case report. Indian J Med Microbiol 2014; 32(2):193-6; .2. Jain R, Prabhakar S, Modi M, Bhatia R, Sehgal R. _Naegleria_ meningitis: a rare survival. Neurol India 2002; 50(4): 470-2; .There have been 5 well-documented survivors in North America: one in the US in 1978, one in Mexico in 2003, 2 additional survivors from the US in 2013, and one from the US Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (23): USA (CO)

Hantavirus -- United StatesThe 1st confirmed Colorado case of hantavirus in 2019 has recently been reported, according to Northeast Colorado Health Department Public Information Officer Alicea Einspahr.Einspahr said in a press release this serves as a good reminder that the virus is found throughout the state, including in Northeast Colorado.Human cases infrequently occur however, the illness is severe and potentially life-threatening if not identified early.Hantavirus is a respiratory disease carried Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (49): Saudi Arabia (RI) secondary case

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaIn the 4 days since the last update (see MERS-CoV (48): Saudi Arabia (RI) WHO http://promedmail.org/post/20190518.6475362), there have been 2 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported and one newly reported fatality in a previously confirmed case.Information on newly confirmed cases (2)[1]Date of confirmation report: 19 May 2019Case No: 19-1918MERS from Alkharj city: 22-year-old female from Alkharj city, Riyadh regionContact with camels: NoCase classification: Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Pertussis update (05): USA

Whooping Cough -- United StatesA baby in California has died after contracting whooping cough, officials said, marking the 1st such death in Orange county in more than a decade. A news release posted on [Thu 18 Apr 2019] by the county's health officials did not identify the child or list the baby's age. "We are deeply saddened by this loss of life and send our condolences to the family," Dr Nichole Quick, interim county health officer, said in the news release.The health department counted 171 cases Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis – USA (03): (WI, MN) vegetable tray

Salmonella -- United StatesPublic health officials are investigating an ongoing multi-state outbreak of salmonellosis linked to consumption of certain Del Monte vegetable trays. To date, 3 people in Wisconsin and one in Minnesota, have reported becoming sick after consuming a Del Monte vegetable tray purchased from a Wisconsin or Minnesota Kwik Trip, according to a news release.Patients reported becoming ill between 13 and 27 Apr 2019. It is possible additional illnesses will be reported due to the Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever – USA (02): (MA) food worker, imported

Fever -- United StatesA cook at Kelly's Roast Beef in Saugus, Massachusetts is sick with _Salmonella_ Typhi, a bacteria which causes typhoid fever. The restaurant confirmed the information Tue 21 May 2019. The illness is rare in the United States, but more common in some developing nations. Kelly's says the employee had just returned from out of the country."We were coming to have clams, roast beef, the usual," said a customer, one of the many regulars showing up unaware that the restaurant temporarily Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Diphyllobothrium latum – France: (BT)

Other Human Disease -- FranceLovers of sushi, maki, sashimi, and other raw fish, beware of your stomach! 7 cases of fish tapeworm, better known as tapeworm [ProMED presumes it is _Diphyllobothrium latum_], have been reported in 2 years by the Rennes hospital in Ille-et-Vilaine [Brittany].An exceptional number of cases was counted between July 2016 and September 2018, especially since no case had been detected for at least 20 years.The infection is acquired by "eating raw or marinated fish which contains Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus – Americas (22): Bolivia (TR)

Hantavirus -- BoliviaTarija Departmental Health Services (SEDES) reported a new case of hantavirus [infection] in Padcaya municipality. The number of patients with this illness is within what is expected, because this season is when more people acquire the disease. Epidemiological surveillance is continuing in Arce province. The person who acquired this illness is male and is under medical care until his recuperation.The head of the Epidemiological Unit of SEDES, Claudia Montenegro, stated that the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine piroplasmosis – USA: (TN) horses

Other Animal Disease -- United StatesThe state veterinarian's office is investigating an outbreak of equine piroplasmosis [EP] in a group of racing quarter horses in the midstate [Tennessee, USA].22 horses have tested positive for EP in 5 locations within Bedford, Rutherford, and Williamson counties. The horses are all under quarantine and being treated.EP is a blood parasite affecting equines. The disease is not contagious to humans. Although it can be transmitted through infected ticks, it is more Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Zimbabwe (05): (MN) wildlife, under control

Anthrax -- ZimbabweAnthrax - Zimbabwe (07): (MN) human, wildlife, contained http://promedmail.org/post/20170906.5298609Anthrax - Zimbabwe (06): (MN) human, wildlife http://promedmail.org/post/20170511.5028820Anthrax - Zimbabwe (05): (MN) wildlife http://promedmail.org/post/20170505.5015961Anthrax - Zimbabwe (04): (MN) wildlife http://promedmail.org/post/20170504.5013992Anthrax - Zimbabwe (03): (MN) wildlife, human death http://promedmail.org/post/20170421.4985924Anthrax - Zimbabwe (02): (MN) wildlife, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – USA (20): (PA)

Hepatitis A -- United StatesPennsylvania's Secretary of Health, Dr. Rachel Levine has announced that the state has declared a hepatitis A outbreak with 171 cases in 36 counties. According to the map provided by the Department of Health, Allegheny and Philadelphia counties are hit the hardest with anywhere between 31-50 cases.The counties hit hardest by this outbreak are Philadelphia and Allegheny, but we have seen an increase of cases throughout much of the state," Dr. Levine said. "We are taking Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – USA (04): (NM) wound, injection drug related

Botulism -- United StatesThe New Mexico Department of Health is investigating a case of apparent wound botulism. A 30-year-old male resident of Santa Fe County is hospitalized with suspected wound botulism. This is the 1st case of wound botulism that NMDOH has been notified of in 2019. The last in-state case of wound botulism occurred in 2018 in Dona Ana County. The suspected source of infection is contaminated black tar heroin.Botulism is a rare but serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Measles update (36)

Measles -- Ukraine"When universal routine immunisation in childhood improves and the virus is still in circulation, the disease will naturally move to the older age group who may be unimmunised or whose vaccine-derived immunity has begun to wane. At a time when the state is moving towards measles elimination, adult measles is a major concern," a senior health official said.Historically, measles has been a childhood disease. The epidemiological shift to older population presents new public health Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary – Pakistan (02): (SD)

Amoeba -- PakistanPeople in Karachi are in the grip of deadly infectious diseases at the moment as officials in Karachi said [Fri 17 May 2019] that a 34-year old man was infected with the lethal _Naegleria fowleri_ amoeba or the brain-eating bug and was struggling for life at a private hospital in the city._N. fowleri_ is a single-celled organism that can cause a rare infection of the brain called "primary amoebic meningoencephalitis", also known as PAM, which is usually fatal, officials said adding Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Syphilis – Thailand: increased incidence, congenital

Syphilis -- ThailandAs many as 249 babies were born with syphilis in Thailand this year [2019], according to the Public Health Ministry. "The babies were affected because their mothers were infected," the ministry's permanent secretary, Dr Sukhum Karnchanapimai, said yesterday [18 May 2019].Sukhum said that between 1 Jan and 13 May 2019, 3080 people of all ages were diagnosed with syphilis. Of them, 40.42 per cent are between 15 and 24 years old. Some 24.48 per cent of others are between 25 and 34 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Population declines, apis – Australia: native bees

Other Animal Disease -- AustraliaThe world's honey bees have been in steep decline for over a decade, with extraordinary losses in population witnessed across the globe resulting in a 30 percent loss of some honey bee colonies every year.Beekeepers across the US and Europe have reported these mass bee deaths, known as 'colony collapse' since 2006 and in the absence of any singular explanation, the disturbing decline was dubbed 'colony collapse disorder' or CCD.This was a shocking and frightening Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (47): Congo DR (NK, IT) cases, summary, situation, research

Ebola -- DR Congo- Investigations continue around the 1st confirmed patient in the Alimbongo health zone. According to the initial results, the patient was contaminated after participating in an unsecured burial of a family member who died in Katwa.Figures of the response------------------------ 119 652 vaccinated persons- 792 people vaccinated on 18 May 2019;- of those vaccinated, 32 577 are high-risk contacts, 58 347 are contacts of contacts, and 28 728 are front-line providers;- persons Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Black spot, citrus – Italy: ex Tunisia, intercept

Other Plant Disease -- ItalyCitrus black spot was detected in some shipments of citrus fruit imported by the European Union from Tunisia. "[This] confirms all our worries about the spread of this devastating disease in the Mediterranean and we require the immediate block of imports from Africa. Over the past few years, we have asked the authorities to implement stricter checks," explains Giovanni Selvaggi, Consorzio Arancia Rossa di Sicilia IGP [Sicilian blood orange growers' association]."We require Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Influenza (15): WHO global update, Australia, seasonal activity

Influenza -- AustraliaInformation in this report is categorized by influenza transmission zones, which are geographical groups of countries, areas, or territories with similar influenza transmission patterns.SummaryIn the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, influenza activity decreased overall.- In North America and Europe, influenza activity was low overall.- In North Africa, influenza detections were low across reporting countries.- In western Asia, influenza activity decreased overall, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Texas cattle fever tick – USA (02): (TX) cattle

Tick-borne disease -- United StatesTexas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) livestock inspectors discovered fever ticks on cattle originating from a Webb County premises during a routine voluntary inspection at a program dipping vat on 23 Apr 2019. The premises where the cattle originated has been placed under quarantine, and all cattle on the premises have started treatment."We are thankful for cattle producers' support in voluntarily inspecting their animals for fever ticks," said Dr. Andy Schwartz, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (48): Saudi Arabia (RI) WHO

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaFrom [9 through 30 Apr 2019], the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 9 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 3 deaths. Of the 9 cases reported, 5 were associated with ongoing clusters in 3 cities: 3 cases (including 1 death) in Alkhafji city in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia, 1 case in Alderb city in Jazan region, and 1 case in Alkharji city in Riyadh region of Saudi Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Africa (08): Namibia, update

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- NamibiaHealth minister Kalumbi Shangula announced at a press conference in Windhoek yesterday [Wed 15 May 2019] that of the 6 reported cases of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), only one had tested positive for the fever, while 3 were found to be negative. The results of the remaining 2 cases are still pending.Shangula said a 54-year-old woman from Onethika B Village in the Olukonda constituency, who had since recovered and was discharged on 11 May [2019], Read more [...]

PRO/AH> African swine fever – Asia (44): China, Viet Nam, domestic, spread

African Swine Fever -- ChinaA man in a white protective suit parked a dump truck at the edge of a dusty pit and unloaded a pile of pink carcasses. They tumbled to the ground just as a 2nd truck arrived with another batch.The scene at a Hong Kong landfill this week was part of a government effort to kill and dispose of 6000 pigs from a slaughterhouse where one of them had been found to have African swine fever [ASF].It was the latest turn in an outbreak that has decimated pig herds in the Chinese Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – Argentina: commercial hummus, homemade preserves

Botulism -- ArgentinaA case of foodborne botulism occurred in Slovakia in 2015. _Clostridium botulinum_ type A was isolated from 3 nearly empty commercial hummus tubes. The product, which was sold in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, was withdrawn from the market, and a warning was issued immediately through the European Commission's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). Further investigation revealed the presence of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) subtype BoNT/A3, a very rare subtype implicated Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycobacterium bovis – UK: (England) cats, pet food origin

Bovine TB -- United KingdomA batch of raw pet food produced by the British company Natural Instinct has been identified as the probable cause of a rare outbreak of feline tuberculosis (TB) that infected 13 cats last year [2018] in the United Kingdom [see commentary regarding additional cases].The Camberley-based company confirmed to the VIN News Service today [15 May 2019] that it is working with Britain's Food Standards Agency as part of a related investigation into its now-discontinued "Wild Venison" Read more [...]