Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague – Mongolia (08): (HD) bubonic, marmot exposure

Plague -- MongoliaA suspected case of bubonic plague in western Mongolia's Khovd (or Hovd) province has been confirmed by lab test results, the country's National Center for Zoonotic Diseases (NCZD) said on Sun 27 Sep 2020.The 25-year-old female patient from the province and 19 people in close contact with her are now under isolation at a local hospital, the NCZD said in a statement. The center said the woman was found to have eaten marmot meat last week. While hunting marmots is illegal in Mongolia, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poisoning – USA: (FL) rohypnol, suspected

Poisoning -- United StatesPolice are investigating whether 3 off-duty officers were poisoned after they fell ill during a night out in Florida.The group started [suddenly] sweating and vomiting after visiting 4 downtown bars and restaurants in the city of Sanford for dinner and drinks on 16 Sep 2020, according to a police report quoted by the Orlando Sentinel.Two of the officers were taken to hospital, with one officer being put on a ventilator to assist with breathing.All 3 are members of the Orlando Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis – Fiji: (CE, NO) USA travel alert

Leptospirosis -- FijiHealth officials from the Republic of Fiji have reported an outbreak of leptospirosis in the Central and Northern divisions. In response to this bacterial disease outbreak, the Fiji Ministry of Health recently announced it 'is working to manage the situation, increasing disease surveillance, conducting clean-up and awareness campaigns.' Fiji's last leptospirosis outbreak was reported in 2016. To notify international travelers, the US CDC issued a level 1 travel alert for Fiji Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Scrub typhus – Nepal (04): (CH)

Scrub Typhus -- NepalThe number of people suffering from scrub typhus and dengue is increased amidst the coronavirus [COVID-19] pandemic. In the past 2 months, 69 people were diagnosed with scrub typhus and 24 with dengue fever, according to Bharatpur hospital [Chitwan district, Bagmati Pradesh province]. Of the sample collected for test from 345 people in the months of Saun and Bhadau, 69 were found carrying the scrub typhus virus. [Saun, aka Shrawan is the 4th month in the Nepali calendar, corresponding Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (26): Americas (USA) bat, human exp

Rabies -- United StatesThe Elkhorn Logan Valley Public Health Department has announced a 2nd bat captured in Northeast Nebraska has tested positive for rabies.Emergency Response Coordinator Melanie Thompson says the 1st bat in the area was captured in August [2020] in Norfolk, and both of these bats bit humans.Thompson says bats are a beneficial species, but can cause some concern as well."Particularly when you wake up in the morning and there's a bat in your bed -- that's disconcerting for one thing, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever – Japan (02): (GM) domestic, spread

Classical Swine Fever -- JapanThe agriculture ministry said Saturday [26 Sep 2020] that classical swine fever (CSF) infections have been confirmed at a pig farm in the city of Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture, marking the 1st outbreak of the infectious disease among farmed pigs in the country in about half a year.It is the 1st classical swine fever case at a pig farm in Gunma since the 1st outbreak in Japan in 26 years was confirmed in 2018. The Gunma Prefectural Government will slaughter all of the roughly Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (418): Covidengue, countries, WHO, global

COVID-19, Dengue -- Mexico1. Verduyn M, Allou N, Gazaille V, et al. Co-infection of dengue and COVID-19: A case report. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2020; 14(8):e0008476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008476. PMID: 32745101; PMCID: PMC7398491; .2. Miah MA, Husna A. Coinfection, coepidemics of COVID-19, and dengue in dengue-endemic countries: A serious health concern. J Med Virol. 2020. doi: 10.1002/jmv.26269. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32633829; PMCID: PMC7361212. Coinfection, coepidemics of COVID-19, and dengue Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (417): Japan (TK) animal, dog, OIE

COVID-19 -- JapanInformation received on 25 Sep 2020 from Dr Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, JapanSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 26 Jul 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Aug 2020Report date: 25 Sep 2020Date submitted to OIE: 25 Sep 2020Reason for notification: emerging diseaseMorbidity: 1 (scale 0 to Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (18): Europe (Spain)

West Nile Virus -- SpainWest Nile virus fever has taken the life of a new person in Sevilla. The woman is the 5th fatal victim since the 1st week of August [2020] when the 1st hospitalizations occurred.The 77-year-old woman is a resident of Cora del Rio who had been for several weeks in the intensive care unit of the Virgin del Rocio Hospital and who at the end could not overcome the disease that was caused by the bite of a mosquito that had become infected from feeding on an ill bird.During the Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed cerebral disease – South Sudan: nodding disease

River Blindness -- South SudanElimination of "river epilepsy" has started in South Sudan.In November 2013, I [Robert Colebunders] visited Mvolo, in South Sudan, in an effort to identify the cause of nodding syndrome, at that time a mysterious form of epilepsy of unknown aetiology. The situation in Mvolo was catastrophic. A rapid assessment showed that one in 6 children had epilepsy, and one in 2 families had at least one child with epilepsy. I felt very uncomfortable, because I had nothing to offer Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed illness – Sudan: (NO) fatal

Undiagnosed -- SudanDoctors of Sudan expect the cause of an unknown fever to be found in contaminated floodwater, as the country continues to fight against the coronavirus. Now, 8 people have lost their lives in Sudan's Northern state due to an unknown fever, the Ministry of Health of Sudan has revealed."The ministry received a report on Sat 19 Sep 2020 concerning 41 cases of fever in Northern state, including 8 deaths," the official statement read. It also added that a medical team has been sent Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary – USA: (TX) drinking water

Amoeba -- United StatesResidents of Lake Jackson, Texas have been warned about using tap water after a deadly brain-eating microbe was found in the city's public water supply.Tests confirmed the presence of _Naegleria fowleri_ in the system. The amoeba can cause an infection of the brain, which is usually fatal.Infections are rare in the US, with 34 reported between 2009 and 2018.Officials in Lake Jackson said they were disinfecting the water supply but did not know how long this would take.Eight Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (416): gastrointestinal complications, antibodies, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownWHO region (no. countries/territories):Total confirmed cases (new cases in last 24 hours) / Total deaths (new deaths in last 24 hours)---------------------------Western Pacific Region (19): 598 060 (3518) / 13 031 (93)European Region (61): 5 608 280 (78 707) / 234 134 (842)South East Asia Region (10): 6 624 441 (93 568) / 109 429 (1248)Eastern Mediterranean Region (22): 2 322 175 (18 054) / 59 953 (421)Region of the Americas (54): 16 106 844 (118 938) / 543 883 (3109)African Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (63): Kazakhstan (AM) poultry, HPAI H5, spread susp

Avian Influenza -- KazakhstanFive more districts in Akmola [Aqmola] region confirmed bird flu cases, namely in Astrakhan, Bulandy, Atbasar, Egendykol, and Zerendy districts. They will impose mandatory quarantine.So far, 1104 chickens have died in 11 districts.--Communicated by:ProMED-mail[Aqmola region borders, on its north, the region of north Kazakhstan where highly pathogenic avian influenza [HPAI] H5 has been identified in poultry and wild birds, reported to the OIE on 19 Sep 2020. Though the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Asia (08): India (GJ)

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- IndiaGujarat reported 4 cases of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) this year [2020]. Of them, 3 cases have been reported to the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) as part of the "weekly outbreak" reports; however, the state health department claimed there had been "no outbreak of CCHF this year [2020]".The 1st case was reported on 4 Mar 2020: a 70-year-old patient from the Paliyad village in Bota. The patient's sample was sent to the National Institute Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever – Mauritania: (BR, TG, HG) camelids, OIE

Rift Valley Fever -- MauritaniaInformation received on [and dated] 24 Sep 2020 from Dr. Baba Doumbia, Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Rural Development, Nouakchott, MauritaniaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 17 Sep 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 23 Sep 2020Report date: 24 Sep 2020Date submitted to OIE: 24 Sep 2020Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: December 2018Manifestation of disease: Clinical Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (415): vertical transmission, Fido, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownBackground: The occurrence of transplacental transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection remains highly debated. Placental positivity for SARS-CoV-2 has been reported in selected cases, but infection or virus-associated disease of fetal tissues or newborns remains to be demonstrated.Methods: We screened for SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein expression [in] placentas from 101 women who delivered between 7 Feb 2020 and 15 May 2020, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rodenticide poisoning – South Africa: (WC) caracal

Poisoning -- South AfricaThe Urban Caracal Project was saddened to announce the death of Orion, one of the 1st caracals the organisation collared. Collars are used to monitor movements and foraging behaviours. Orion was first captured in August 2016 near Cape Point and weighed 12.2 kg (26.8 lb).He died in the same month in which he was tagged and is the 1st cat to form part of the Urban Caracal Project's "Meet the Cats" feature, which allows the organisation to introduce the cats to all those who Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (414): animal, Netherlands (LI), Denmark (ND), farm mink, spread

COVID-19 -- NetherlandsAt a mink farm in Meijel (municipality of Peel en Maas) an infection with SARS-CoV-2 has been established. The company has approximately 10 000 parent animals. The contamination came to light from the "early warning", the monitoring system in which animals are tested for the virus every week. The company will be cleared as soon as possible.A total of 57 mink farms in the Netherlands have now been declared infected.For more information, see the last letter to the House of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Stanley – USA: wood ear mushrooms, alert, recall

Salmonella -- United StatesThe CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and FDA are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Stanley infections.Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by the CDC. DNA fingerprinting is performed on _Salmonella_ bacteria isolated Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (413): interferon type I, Saudi Arabia Umrah, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesNew findings by scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators help explain why some people with COVID-19 develop severe disease. The findings also may provide the 1st molecular explanation for why more men than women die from COVID-19.The researchers found that more than 10% of people who develop severe COVID-19 have misguided antibodies -- autoantibodies -- that attack the immune system rather than the virus that causes the disease. Another 3.5% Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine grass sickness – UK: (Scotland) horse

Other Animal Disease -- United KingdomThe diagnosis of EGS can be complex and is normally confirmed by a clinical examination of the horse by the vet. Further tests may be used to support the diagnosis of EGS, or help rule out other conditions, such as taking blood samples or an ultrasound of the abdomen.Treatment---------Due to the hopeless prognosis for survival, horses diagnosed with acute, sub-acute, or severe chronic EGS usually have to be euthanised to prevent further suffering. Around 50% Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito – USA (07): (CA)

Pests -- United StatesFor the 1st time in Butte County, the mosquito commonly known as the yellow fever mosquito has been found. The invasive species was discovered 17 Sep [2020] in northeast Chico in the area of East Avenue and Mariposa Avenue.The _Aedes aegypti_ mosquito has been detected previously in other areas of California, but never in Butte County. _Ae. aegypti_ have the potential to transmit viruses such as chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever, and Zika, which are not known to be transmitted Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Europe (23): Germany (BB) wild boar, spread

African Swine Fever -- GermanyThe National Reference Laboratory FLI has officially confirmed today [24 Sep 2020] African swine fever [ASF] in 3 additional wild boars. All 3 have been found in the core zone, near Neuzelle, district Oder-Spree. Total number of ASF cases now is 32.--Communicated by:Sabine ZentisCastleview English LonghornsGut Laach, D-52385 Nideggen, Germany[African swine fever [ASF] in wild boars took Belgium (Luxembourg province) by surprise in September 2018; the disease had not Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Circular leaf spot, persimmon – Spain: (VC)

Other Plant Disease -- SpainIt was recently announced that this year's [2020] Spanish kaki [persimmon] harvest will be significantly reduced compared to last year [2019] (by around 30%), both due to the lower yields and the impact of pests. In recent days, Valencian producers have been surprised by the abundant presence of the _Mycosphaerella_ fungus, which is causing a huge amount of fruit to fall from the trees. Therefore, the drop in this season's kaki production could actually be much greater."It Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (412): surfaces, pregnancy, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- South KoreaBackgroundThe purpose of this study was to determine the extent of air and surface contamination of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in 4 health care facilities with hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.MethodsWe investigated air and environmental contamination in the rooms of 8 COVID-19 patients in 4 hospitals. Some patients were in negative-pressure rooms, and others were not. None had undergone aerosol-generating procedures. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis – Germany (03): (BW, BY)

Tick-borne Encephalitis -- GermanyThe Robert Koch Institute (RKI) is reporting (computer translated) an increase in cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) year to date in Germany.Through 7 Sep [2020], 535 cases have been reported; which is an increase of 14 percent over the same period in 2018, a record year for TBE in Germany.Of the cases, 89 percent (477) have been reported from Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria states in southern Germany.Health officials suggest the increase may be due to the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed disease, dog – UK: (England) RFI

Undiagnosed -- United KingdomA fresh outbreak of a killer dog disease has flared a few miles from the corgi-loving Queen's Sandringham estate in Norfolk, where several pets have died in recent years. Cases of seasonal canine illness, SCI, which hits dogs walked in woodland, have been reported to Haven Vets surgery in Great Yarmouth.The outbreak has raised fears that a new epidemic is breaking out across Britain's woods, parks, and even gardens this autumn.SCI usually strikes from September to November, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Koi herpesvirus disease – Slovakia: (TA) carp, OIE

Other Animal Disease -- SlovakiaInformation received on [and dated] 22 Sep 2020 from Dr. Jozef Bires, Director and Chief Veterinary Officer, State Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Bratislava, SlovakiaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 31 Jul 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Jul 2020Report date: 22 Sep 2020Date submitted to OIE: 22 Sep 2020Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 23 Jul Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Epizootic hemorrhagic disease – USA (02): (NY) deer

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease -- United StatesWhite-tailed deer are dying in Purgatory Swamp near Goshen. They're dying in Putnam County too, near Cold Spring and Nelsonville. The state Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) is also testing remains of deer from 4 other locations in Orange, Ulster and Dutchess counties for a viral disease called epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD).It's transmitted by biting midges (also called no-see-ums or "punkies"), affects only white-tailed deer and cannot Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Kazakhstan: (SH) cattle, human

Anthrax -- KazakhstanAn anthrax outbreak is reported in Shymkent. 2 brothers were taken to the hospital in a serious condition. Both have cutaneous form of anthrax, Astana TV channel reported. The men were taking care of cattle at their farm.Epidemiologists tested the cattle and the test results for anthrax were negative.More than 20 people contacted the men. They all remain under medical observation."We assume some of kind of slaughter is the source of infection. Anthrax is transmitted from animals, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Infectious hematopoietic necrosis, trout – North Macedonia: (CA) OIE

Other Animal Disease -- Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)Information received on [and dated] 21 Sep 2020 from Dr Zoran Atanasov, Director Food and Veterinary Agency, Food and Veterinary Agency, Food and Veterinary Agency, North Macedonia, Skopje, [North Macedonia]SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 1 Sep 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Sep 2020Report date: 21 Sep 2020Date submitted to OIE: 21 Sep 2020Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Measles update (22): Africa, US travel alert

Measles -- Worldwide/UnknownThe World Health Organization (WHO) reported today [21 Sep 2020] that the ongoing measles outbreak in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is showing a sustained decline in new cases and deaths-reporting 245 suspected cases and 1 death during the week ending 6 Sep 2020.WHO reminds while the declining trend in this long-standing measles outbreak is to be welcomed, this is dependent on continuing vaccine program efforts, without which cases will rebound.Major infant vaccine Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (411): monoclonal Ab, conval. plasma, pooled saliva, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- United StatesHealthcare staff are at increased risk of COVID-19, thus putting themselves, their families, and their patients at risk. This increased risk negatively affects patient and staff mortality and morbidity (physical and mental). Furthermore, the need to isolate if either infected or exposed to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus disease 2 (SARS-CoV-2) limits the ability of the UK NHS to deliver care when staff are absent from work. This potentially represents one of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease – Russia (02): (VL) poultry, OIE

Newcastle Disease -- RussiaInformation received on [and dated] 21 Sep 2020 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, RussiaSummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 8 Sep 2020Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Sep 2020Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 28 May 2020Manifestation of disease: Clinical diseaseCausal agent: Newcastle Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (47): Congo DR (EQ)

Ebola -- DR CongoKey figures and facts- IOM [International Organization for Migration] strengthens the system for monitoring and controlling population movements in Equateur.Statistics since the beginning of the epidemic- 124 cases reported including 118 confirmed and 6 probable- 40 affected health areas, spread over 12 health zones- 59 cured- 50 deaths including 44 confirmed and 6 probable- 31 179 people vaccinated since the start of the responseOverview of the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Scrub typhus – India (03): (NL) fatal

Scrub Typhus -- IndiaAn outbreak of scrub typhus, a bacterial disease, has claimed the lives of 5 people in Nagaland's Noklak district bordering Myanmar, officials said. More than 600 others tested positive for the disease but recovered after treatment.Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, spreads to people through bites of larval mites. The symptoms include fever, headache, and body ache. The district's Sub-Divisional Officer (Civil), C Phuniang, said Noklak has had to grapple with the disease Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Europe (22): Germany (BB) wild boar, spread

African Swine Fever -- GermanyA further 7 cases of African swine fever (ASF) have been confirmed in wild boar in the eastern German state of Brandenburg, Germany's federal agriculture ministry said on Monday [21 Sep 2020].The new cases follow 13 others confirmed in wild boar, not farm animals, the ministry said. The new discoveries bring the total confirmed cases to 20 since the 1st one on 10 Sep 2020.[Byline: Michael Hogan]--communicated byMary Marshall[A map showing the locations of the "outbreaks" Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> COVID-19 update (410): ACE inhibitors and ARBs, WHO COVAX plan, WHO, global

COVID-19 -- Worldwide/UnknownIn this 4th monthly update of our living review (1), we searched MEDLINE (Ovid) weekly from [4 to 31 Aug 2020] using the same search strategy as described in the original review. We did not limit the search by language. This search update yielded 82 results (de-duplicated), and after an independent dual-review process, we identified 24 new studies meeting our inclusion criteria -- 19 observational studies, 4 meta-analyses, and 1 systematic review (2-25).New evidence------------Findings Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed diseases, tea – Nepal: (eastern)

Undiagnosed -- NepalTea farmers in eastern Nepal never had a yield this low. First, diseases such as leaf curl and black tip attacked the crops. Already struggling with rising pest infestations, then heavy rainfall across much of the country swept away a portion of the crop.So far in 2020, Nepal has seen a 30-40% decline in its tea harvest compared with a year ago, according to the National Tea and Coffee Development Board (NTCDB). Short bursts of intense rainfall have become more common, water-logging Read more [...]