Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/EDR> Rocky Mountain spotted fever – USA (02): (KY)

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever -- United StatesRocky Mountain spotted fever is hitting Grayson County hard. A total of 26 cases were reported to the Grayson County Health Department in just 11 days. The tick-borne illness causes a painful rash and flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, body aches, and lack of appetite.Grayson County has been the leading county in Kentucky for reported cases since 2016, but doctors said they're seeing more cases in 2019 than ever Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Europe (28): situation assessment

African Swine Fever -- Worldwide/UnknownSituation assessment:Eastern Europe is continuing to report outbreaks of ASF [African swine fever] in domestic pigs, although this appears to be restricted to the southeast countries in the region, namely Ukraine and Romania, with a small number of outbreaks reported in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, and Russia. However, while control efforts may be reducing incidence in domestic pigs (with the exception of Romania and Bulgaria), the wild boar population Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (69): Congo DR (NK,IT): cases, WHO

Ebola -- DR Congo- The minister of health, Dr Oly Ilunga Kalenga spent the day of Fri 19 Jul 2019 in Beni where he visited the various field teams and the transit center whose capacity will be increased in the coming days.- Following the resurgence of patients in Beni, Dr Oly Ilunga said that one of the key lessons learned in this 10th epidemic is to rely on the health system. "If we really want to solve this epidemic and have a lasting impact, we need to strengthen the health system by working with Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other – India (19): (AS)

Japanese Encephalitis -- IndiaThe death toll from Japanese encephalitis (JE) in Assam reached 101 on Friday [19 Jul 2019] even as the state continues to battle flood fury caused by the monsoon rain. State health department officials said special measures are being taken in flood-affected areas to prevent the spread of the disease.On Friday [19 Jul 2019], the daily report from the National Health Mission (NHM) Assam noted 4 more JE deaths. It showed a total of 1569 cases of acute encephalitis syndrome Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Equine influenza – UK (12): horse, EIV H3N8 FC1, spread, clarification

Equine Influenza -- United KingdomWe reiterate our major concerns regarding future scheduled events that do not require vaccination for attendance and as such our recommendations follow:1. Ensure all horses attending events are vaccinated. We would strongly advise events accept only horses that have had a booster within the past 6 months (rather than annual) and also enforcing the minimum 5-day rule post-vaccination (interval between last vaccine dose and competition entry to have some benefit from Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Measles update (50)

Measles -- United StatesThe Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) has confirmed a single case of measles in an unvaccinated teenager from the Kenai Peninsula who recently traveled out of state to Arizona via Seattle, Washington. This makes Alaska the 29th state to have a confirmed case of measles in 2019. The DHSS Public Health Laboratory in Fairbanks confirmed the diagnosis today [17 Jul 2019].Some people may have been exposed to measles through this confirmed case. A list of possible Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Blueberry rust – Brazil: 1st rep (RS)

Other Plant Disease -- BrazilIn January and February 2017, symptoms of leaf rust were observed in a commercial blueberry (_Vaccinium corymbosum_) field, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The disease started as small reddish-brown leaf spots with yellowish pustules. As the disease progressed, the leaf spots enlarged, becoming vein delimited with a reddish-purple halo. At later stages, lesions coalesced, spreading all over the plant, causing severe early defoliation of the plants (especially on cvs Jewel Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Scrapie – Canada (02): (AB) sheep

Scrapie -- CanadaTwo sheep flocks in central Alberta have been quarantined by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for scrapie, a fatal disease affecting the central nervous system of both sheep and goats and is related to mad cow disease. The 2 flocks were quarantined due to scrapie being found in one sheep.The CFIA said in mid-June [2019] it confirmed a sheep had scrapie, and implemented disease-control measures at that farm. It found the diseased sheep had lived on multiple premises, which Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (60): global WPV1, cVDPV2, cVDPV1

Polio -- PakistanNew wild polioviruses reported this week:AFP cases: 5Environment: 4New cVDPVs reported this week:AFP cases: 14Environment: 3Headlines- In Central African Republic, a series of previously detected/reported VDPV2s have now been officially classified as "circulating". Since initial detection of the viruses in May [2019], the country had already operationally considered these viruses to represent an outbreak and implemented emergency outbreak response and declared the event to be Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (18): Europe (Hungary) Usutu, ECDC

West Nile Virus -- HungaryBackground: During the 2018 West Nile virus (WNV) transmission season, similarly to other endemic areas in Europe, a large number of human WNV infections were reported in Hungary.Aims: We summarise the epidemiological and laboratory findings of the 2018 transmission season and expand experiences in flavivirus differential diagnostics.Methods: Every patient with clinical suspicion of acute WNV infection was in parallel tested for WNV, tickborne encephalitis virus and Usutu Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis – Russia: (Moscow) vending machine

Salmonella -- RussiaThe number of people made ill by food sold in vending machines located in Moscow office buildings belonging to the Healthy Food company has risen to 65, with 17 people remaining in hospitals, the press service of the Moscow department of the Federal Service for the Oversight of Consumer Protection and Welfare informed TASS."Currently, there are 65 recorded cases of food poisoning [earlier reports have documented salmonellosis as the cause. - Mod.LL]. The number is increasing due Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Influenza (20): Asia, Africa, Australia, vaccine, WHO

Influenza H1N1, Influenza H3N2, Influenza -- MyanmarAt least 21 people have died in Myanmar due to swine flu [influenza A(H1N1)] in the past 2 weeks, according to a health ministry official on Tue [2 Jul 2019]. "Over the past few weeks, 21 including 4 children have died of seasonal H1N1 influenza," said Phyu Phyu Aye, information officer of health and sports ministry.The 1st death related to the H1N1 virus, widely known as swine flu, was reported on [19 Jun 2019]. A total of 99 out of more than 340 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Asia (08): Iran

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- IranThe Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus has been the cause of 100-plus human infections in Iran annually since it was first reported about a decade ago. This calendar year in Iran ([Iranian calendar] which begins in March), the Ministry of Health has reported 54 CCHF cases, including 5 deaths, The Tehran Times reports.Behzad Amiri, head of zoonotic diseases department at the Ministry of Health noted the disease incidence is especially high over warm Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Chapare virus – Bolivia: (LP)

Hemorrhagic Fever -- BoliviaDelgado S, Erickson BR, Agudo R, et al. Chapare virus, a newly discovered arenavirus isolated from a fatal hemorrhagic fever case in Bolivia. PLoS Pathog. 2008; 4(4): e1000047; It is unfortunate that the rodent reservoir of Chapare virus is still unknown. - Mod.TYHealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Bolivia: ][See Also:Bolivian hemorrhagic fever - Bolivia: background http://promedmail.org/post/20190705.6553672Undiagnosed illness - Bolivia (02): (LP) Bolivian hemorrhagic fever Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza – Niger: horse, st H3N8, OIE

Equine Influenza -- NigerInformation received on 15 Jul 2019 from Dr Issiako Abdou, [director general of veterinary services, directorate of animal health, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock], Niamey, NigerSummaryReport type: immediate notification (final report)Date of start of the event: 1 Oct 2018Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Jul 2019Report date: 14 Jul 2019Date event resolved: 30 Jan 2019Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed diseaseCausal agent: equine influenza A Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC – UK: Egypt travel, multiple serotypes, alert

E. coli -- United KingdomPublic Health England has issued a warning after almost 20 cases of Shiga toxin-producing _Escherichia coli_ infection [also called enterohemorrhagic _E. coli (EHEC)] were found in people returning from Egypt in 2019.All travelers had been to the Hurghada region [Red Sea governorate] of Egypt. A variety of different EHEC strains have been detected in visitors to Egypt with serotypes O157 and O26 identified among them. One person developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (68): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, WHO, Uganda

Ebola -- DR Congo- Following the recommendations of the international expert committee, WHO declared on Wed 17 Jul 2019, that the Ebola epidemic in the DRC is a health emergency of international concern.- The Ministry of Health accepts the evaluation of the expert committee. The ministry hopes that this decision is not the result of the many pressures from different stakeholder groups who wanted to use this declaration as an opportunity to raise funds for humanitarian actors despite the potentially Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Wheat stripe mosaic virus – South America: new virus

Other Plant Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownSoilborne wheat mosaic disease (SBWMD), originally attributed to infections by _Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus_ (SBWMV) and _Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus_ (WSSMV), is one of the most frequent virus diseases and causes economic losses in wheat in southern Brazil.Wheat leaves and stems displaying mosaic symptoms were collected from different wheat cultivars in southern Brazil. Double‐stranded RNA was extracted and submitted to cDNA library synthesis Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Chrysanthemum stunt viroid, potato – Russia: 1st rep

Other Plant Disease -- RussiaA pospiviroid, detected from asymptomatic potato plants (_Solanum tuberosum_) from Russia, was identified as chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd). The genomic sequence of this potato isolate showed 100% identity with that of the chrysanthemum isolates from Japan.The CSVd RNA transcribed from the cDNA, having the sequence of the isolate from Russia, was able to infect potato, tomato, and chrysanthemum plants. The infected chrysanthemum plants exhibited stunting symptom.This Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Vesicular stomatitis – USA (05): (CO,TX) horse

Vesicular Stomatitis -- United StatesVesicular stomatitis is a viral disease that primarily affects horses and cattle and occasionally swine, sheep, goats, llamas, and alpacas. The transmission process of VSV is not completely understood but includes insect vectors such as black flies, sand flies, and biting midges.The incubation period ranges from 2-8 days. Clinical signs include vesicles, erosions, and sloughing of the skin on the muzzle, tongue, ears, teats, and coronary bands. Often excessive Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Syphilis – Canada (04): (AB) RFI

Syphilis -- CanadaAlberta is declaring a provincial outbreak following a continued rapid rise of syphilis cases across the province. "Sexually transmitted infections are a risk to anyone who is sexually active, particularly people who have new sex partners and are not using protection," said Dr Deena Hinshaw, Alberta's chief medical officer of health. Hinshaw said testing and treatment are freely available to Albertans. "I encourage anyone who is sexually active to get tested regularly," she said.Alberta Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (37): Americas (Canada, USA) bat, fox, human

Rabies -- CanadaA British Columbia man has died of a rare viral rabies infection, the 1st such case in the province since 2003. Provincial health officer Dr Bonnie Henry says the man was in contact with a bat in mid-May [2019] and developed symptoms compatible with rabies 6 weeks later. She says in a news release that while the exposure in this case was on Vancouver Island, bats in all areas of BC are known to carry rabies.The Health Ministry is not releasing further information about the man to Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – USA (06): (TX) more outbreaks

Anthrax -- United StatesSince the 9 Jul 2019 update, anthrax has been detected on 3 additional premises in southwest Sutton County and one premises in southcentral Crockett County. The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) quarantined the premises after animals tested positive for the reportable disease.To date, 8 premises in 3 Texas counties have had animals confirmed with anthrax. Animals include the following species: antelope, goat, horses and cattle. Producers have been advised on vaccinating Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Kazakhstan: (Turkestan) cattle graves, still safe

Anthrax -- KazakhstanThere is no threat of anthrax in the animal burial site in Arys, says the press service of the akim [mayor] of the Turkestan region. "No threat has been found in the animal burial site located on the territory of Arys connected with anthrax. There are 2 animal burial sites in Arys. One is located in Dermen; another one [is] in Kozhatogay rural county. Both of them are under control," said Omirkul Omaroc, head of Arys city territorial inspection.He said the burial sites have not Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis – USA (14): (GA) hotel

Legionnaires' -- United StatesOfficials said 5 guests who stayed at a prominent downtown Atlanta hotel have become sick with legionnaires' disease, prompting an investigation of the hotel on [Mon 15 Jul 2019]. "Based on epidemiological evidence we have an outbreak among people who stayed at the [Sheraton Atlanta] during the same time period," said Nancy Nydam, director of communications at Georgia Department of Public Health, on [Tue 16 Jul 2019].Legionnaires' is a serious form of pneumonia that Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Syphilis – Canada (03): (ON) meth/IDU

Syphilis -- CanadaThe Northwestern Health Unit is reporting an increase in cases of syphilis in its region, which stretches from the Manitoba border east to Pickle Lake and Atikokan. The region typically sees fewer than 5 cases a year of the disease, according to medical officer of health Dr Kit Young Hoon. So far, it's seen around 40 since last August [2018]."People should be making an effort to protect themselves," Young Hoon told CBC, "so using condoms, using dental dams [latex or polyurethane Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC – USA, Canada: O103, O121, ground bison, alert, recall

E. coli -- United StatesAn international investigation is under way as public health officials report more than 20 people have been infected with _Escherichia coli_ linked to ground bison, which is now under recall. "As of 16 Jul 2019, Northfork Bison Distributions Inc is voluntarily recalling its ground bison, referred to as Bison Ground, and its ground bison patties, referred to as Bison Burgers and/or Buffalo Burgers, produced between 22 Feb 2019, and 30 Apr 2019," according to a public alert Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Equine viral arteritis – Poland: (WP) OIE

Other Animal Disease -- PolandInformation received on [and dated] 15 Jul 2019 from Dr Pawel Niemczuk, chief veterinary officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, POL Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Warsaw, PolandSummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 23 Jun 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 26 Jun 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: June 2010Manifestation of disease: clinical diseaseCausal Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> BSE, cattle – Spain (02): (GA) atypical H-type, OIE

BSE -- SpainInformation received on 16 Jul 2019 from Dr Valentin Almansa, director general, [Health of Agricultural Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food], Madrid, Spain.SummaryReport type: immediate notification (final report)Date of start of the event: 3 Jul 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 10 Jul 2019Date of event resolved: 10 Jul 2019Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 19 Feb 2019Manifestation of disease: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis – Malaysia: (SA) human, pig

Japanese Encephalitis -- MalaysiaThe Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus has been detected in Tambunan [Sabah], about 100 km (62 mi) from [the state capital, Kota Kinabalu], says the state agriculture and food industries minister Datuk Junz Wong on [Tue 16 Jul 2019]. He said Health Department officials in Sabah had detected the virus in a pig farm in Kampung Lubang, Tambunan on [11 Jul 2019].On being informed, the Department of Veterinary Services started inspection at all 7 pig farms within the vicinity. Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rodenticide poisoning – Norway: red fox

Poisoning -- NorwayTraditional rat poison causes small rodents to die from internal bleeding within a few days. The active substances prevent the blood from clotting. Norway banned the use of rat poison by private individuals in 2014. Yet researchers have found active substances from rodenticides in 54% of the red foxes they examined, according to a recent study."We were surprised how many of the foxes had consumed rat poison. The discovery worries us," says veterinarian and doctoral student Kristin Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other – India (18): (AR)

Japanese Encephalitis -- IndiaAs many as 11 positive cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) have been detected in Arunachal Pradesh, a statement from the health department said on Monday [15 Jul 2019].JE is a flavivirus related to dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses, and is spread by mosquitoes. JE is the main cause of viral encephalitis in many countries of Asia with an estimated 68 000 clinical cases every year.Lobsang Jampa, the state's senior statistical officer for integrated disease surveillance Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC – Iceland (03): O26, ice cream susp

E. coli -- IcelandAt least 3 children have developed kidney failure after being diagnosed with _Escherichia coli_ infections that are linked to eating ice cream from a farm. A cluster of infections due to Shiga toxin producing enterohemorrhagic _E. coli_ (EHEC) O26:H11 has been traced to the tourist attraction Efstidalur II farm in Blaskogabyggd in the south of Iceland.The 17 ill children are aged between 14 months and 12 years. At least 3 of them developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a severe Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – India (06): (AD) human

Anthrax -- IndiaTwo people from Madagada village in Araku mandal who were admitted to King George Hospital with symptoms of cutaneous anthrax tested positive for the disease on Saturday [13 Jul 2019], sparking panic in the Agency area."In the case of Araku mandal, both persons who were affected with anthrax allegedly cut the meat which was purchased from a weekly shandy [street market]," said Mr Kalyan Prasad, an official from the Health Department and the nodal officer for swine flu. "After consuming Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Toxic algae – Canada: (NB) dog

Algae -- CanadaA dog that went swimming in a New Brunswick river notorious for toxic algae has died, and animal welfare experts are warning pet owners of the risk. The dog was playing in the St John River in Fredericton when it began to vomit, according to a vet who treated the animal. The dog's owners rushed the animal to the vet, but it died shortly after arrival.Veterinarian Dr Colleen Bray said she believes because of the dog's signs and the suddenness of its death, it likely came in contact Read more [...]

PRO/AH> Equine influenza – UK (11): horse, EIV H3N8 Florida clade 1, spread

Equine Influenza -- United KingdomMore than 200 cases of equine influenza (EI) have been confirmed by laboratory testing in Britain so far this year [2019], compared with just 2 outbreaks [see comment] reported in 2018. Dr Richard Newton, The Animal Health Trust's (AHT) Director of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, said the effect of increased horse movement and mixing of horses at events in the summer was a contributing factor.The latest 3 cases were confirmed on 10 and 11 Jul [2019].On 10 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (67): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, WHO, Goma

Ebola -- DR CongoThank you, Mark, and thank you for your leadership and partnership.Please accept my respect and appreciation.Your excellency, Oly Ilunga,The right honourable Rory Stewart,Excellencies, colleagues, friends:Yesterday, WHO was notified of 2 very sad developments in the Ebola outbreak in DRC. The 1st was a case of Ebola in the city of Goma, in a pastor who had traveled from Butembo. Although this is a very concerning development, it's one that we and the government have expected and Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (57): Saudi Arabia (NJ,RI) WHO

MERS -- Saudi ArabiaFrom 1-31 May 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 14 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection, including 5 deaths. Of the 14 cases reported, 4 cases were associated with 2 separate clusters. Cluster 1 involved 2 cases (case no. 6 and case no. 7) living in the same household in Alkharj, Riyadh, and cluster 2 involved one patient (case no. 9) and one healthcare worker (case no. 11) in Riyadh.MERS-CoV Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Malaria – Malaysia (02): Pahang, resurgence

Malaria -- MalaysiaHealth officials in Malaysia are investigating a malaria cluster in Kuala Lipis, Pahang state. On [Thu 11 Jul 2019], 4 confirmed cases of malaria were reported to Kuala Lipis District Health Office (PKD) from Betau Health Clinic. All cases involve Orang Asli children aged 4-10 from 2 villages, 2 cases [each] from Kampung Pagar and Kampung Serdang. All cases have been taken to the Kuala Lipis Hospital ward and given treatment.Kuala Lipis has not reported a malaria case for the past Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Infant botulism – USA (02): (TX) more cases

Botulism -- United StatesHealth officials have now confirmed 3 cases of infant botulism in East Texas, and a possible 4th case is under investigation. "We are certainly curious about where this originated from," said Russell Hopkins, with Northeast Texas Public Health District. According to Hopkins, 2 cases occurred in Troup, one in Mineola, and they are expecting a 4th case to be confirmed in Tyler."We're not really sure what the commonality is, because they are kind of spread out," Hopkins said. Read more [...]