Archive for Global Disease Alerts

PRO/AH> Zoonoses: SpillOver – new web tool to assess spillover risk of wildlife viruses

Environmental -- Worldwide/UnknownIt is estimated that there are up to 827 000 undiscovered viruses in animals. Of this large pool, which viruses pose the greatest threat to humans? Conventional approaches to understanding the risk of viral spillovers from wildlife, such as relying on the genetic relatedness of viruses, have proven insufficient. We developed an interactive web tool called SpillOver to assess whether a wildlife virus is more or less likely to spillover and cause a new epidemic in Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis – North America (22): USA (CT, MI, RI) human

Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United StatesThe state Department of Public Health is warning that an adult resident of East Lyme has tested positive for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). This is the 1st human case of EEE identified in Connecticut this season [2019].The patient became ill during the last week of August [2019] with encephalitis and remains hospitalized. Laboratory tests, which were completed today at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Laboratory in Ft. Collins, Colorado, Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (90): Congo DR (NK, IT, SK) cases, summaries, response, Tanzania, story

Ebola -- DR CongoAs of late August [2019], 28 out of a total of 47 health zones across Ituri and North Kivu provinces have reported cases of Ebola. Of these 28, 18 are considered active transmission zones, meaning that they have notified new confirmed cases in the past 21 days (the maximum incubation period for Ebola). South Kivu has recently recorded cases in Mwenga health zone, becoming the 3rd province in DRC to be affected in the current outbreak.Five new health zones, Goma (North Kivu), Nyiragongo Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness – Burkina Faso: fatal, pesticides susp.

Foodborne Illness -- Burkina FasoAt least 18 people died in 10 days after eating pesticide-contaminated food in 2 localities in Burkina Faso. A dozen still remain under observation in hospitals, according to the Minister of Health.The 1st cases were reported on [1 Sep 2019] in the town of Didyr in the center-west of the country, said Professor Claudine Lougue, Minister of Health.About 15 members of the same families felt unwell after eating local dishes made from bean leaves and small millet seeds, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A – South Korea: salted clams

Hepatitis A -- South KoreaThe Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) said that it has confirmed that contaminated fermented shellfish was the main culprit behind the hepatitis A outbreak this summer of 2019. The KCDC came to the conclusions after conducting an in-depth epidemiological investigation. The agency randomly sampled 270 of the 2178 hepatitis A patients, diagnosed between [28 Jul 2019] and [24 Aug 2019], and surveyed whether they consumed fermented shellfish this summer. Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever – Australia: ex Pakistan, multidrug resistance

Typhoid -- AustraliaDoctors have reported the 1st case of extensively drug-resistant typhoid in Australia, warning the country is not immune to the "emerging threat". A 20-month-old Australian-born girl is the 1st patient to develop the highly resistant form of the superbug after returning from a 3-month trip to Pakistan. Dr. Philip Britton and his colleagues from the Children's Hospital at Westmead and the University of Sydney published the findings in the Medical Journal of Australia letter on Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Botulism – France: outdated soup

Botulism -- FranceIn Essonne, a woman was infected by the botulism bacterium after ingesting old soup.A serious neurological disease, botulism develops in the absence of oxygen and most often through vacuum-sealed foods and canned foods. Botulinum toxin is a poison still "more powerful than cyanide", but this type of case is very rare in France.According to our Parisian colleagues, the consumer had ingested an old vegetable soup. At the end of August 2019, this resident of Essonne felt unwell. Her Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis – Europe (12): (France) fatal, raw milk cheeses, recall

Foodborne Illness -- FranceThe 7 people in France part of a _Listeria_ outbreak linked to organic dairy products fell ill over a period of 18 months, according to public health authorities. Those infected with the same strain of _Listeria_ were identified by the National Reference Center for Listeria, with an 8th case still under investigation.Sante Publique France [Public Health France] reported 2 people have died, but the agency does not have any evidence to attribute the deaths to _Listeria_ infection.People Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Pertussis update (10): Americas (USA)

Whooping Cough -- United StatesA few months [ago] parts of Western Montana were dealing with a whooping cough outbreak. The Missoula City-County Health Department even had to hire extra nurses to handle the rising number of cases. The outbreak is continuing with local health officials saying that the numbers are still rising.Local health officials said back in the spring [2019] that they expected the pertussis cases to slow down during summer break. But now, they say that even more cases are coming Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis – USA (19): (IL) retirement community

Legionnaires' -- United StatesPublic health officials are worried an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease at a suburban Chicago retirement home appears to be spreading with 2 new cases in the nearby community.Legionnaire's is a flu-like illness contracted when infected water vapor is inhaled. The elderly and people with weakened immune systems can be particularly susceptible.The Illinois Department of Public Health reported 12 cases at Covenant Assisted Living in Batavia through August [2019]. The 2 Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Viral research laboratory accident – Russia: (NS) Vector Institute, explosion & fire

Ebola, Anthrax, Smallpox-Related -- RussiaOne of the world's largest virus research centers, located in Siberia, was reportedly engulfed in flames after a sudden explosion rocked the secretive compound, known for its stores of Ebola, HIV, anthrax, and other strains. Firefighters and rescue services scrambled on [Mon 16 Sep 2019] to respond to a fire that broke out in Koltsovo, a scientific hub several kilometers from Novosibirsk. The situation was quickly upgraded from an ordinary emergency to a Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Kazakhstan (05): (ZM) cattle, human

Anthrax -- KazakhstanA total of 4 shepherds were hospitalized with anthrax in Zhambyl region, Informbureau reports. The diagnosis was confirmed by laboratory examination. Patients came to the hospital with eruptions on their bodies."The patients work on one of the farms and have direct contact with animals. All of them were took part in the slaughtering of a cow, and 7-10 days after that they started complaining of these signs," said Gulfaira Mirzabekova, an employee of the Zhambyl regional infectious Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Tularemia – Sweden (06): outbreak, hares

Tularemia — Sweden

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (71): South Korea (KG) domestic, 1st report, OIE

African Swine Fever -- South KoreaAfrican swine fever, Korea (Rep. of)Information received on [and dated] 17 Sep 2019 from Dr Oh Soon-Min, director general - chief veterinary officer, Animal Health Policy Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Sejong-Si, Korea (Rep. of)SummaryReport type: immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 16 Sep 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Sep 2019Report date: 17 Sep 2019Date submitted to OIE: 17 Sep 2019Reason for notification: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease – Ireland (02): wild rabbit

Other Animal Disease -- IrelandA new case of a deadly disease found in rabbits and hares has been confirmed in Cork, bringing the number of counties in which the virus has been detected to 5.Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease (RHD) killed millions of animals in China when it was 1st identified in 1984. It subsequently spread to continental Europe and was 1st detected in the wild in Ireland last July [2019]. The virus, which poses no risk to humans, causes death within a few days of infection. Diseased animals Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis – USA (03): (UT) dogs

Leptospirosis -- United StatesMore than a dozen dogs in a Utah city are infected with leptospirosis, a potentially deadly bacterial disease that can spread to humans.There have been at least 13 confirmed cases of leptospirosis in dogs in St. George, KSL reports. Ten of the cases involve dogs being treated at the local veterinary clinic Red Hills Animal Hospital, while the 3 remaining cases are at other veterinary facilities in the area.Veterinarians think an infected dog, possibly from Arizona, that Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies – Americas (44): USA, dog, skunk, raccoon, fox, human exp

Rabies -- United StatesA puppy testing positive for rabies on [Thu 29 Aug 2019] has state health departments in the Dakotas seeking individuals possibly exposed to the fatal virus.On 29 Aug 2019, a puppy tested positive for rabies in South Dakota. While very little is known about the puppy, it last resided in Agency Village, south of Sisseton, [Roberts County], SD. The puppy had at least 3 littermates."Our concern is the littermates have been exposed to rabies and may develop rabies and expose their Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (44): Chile (VS) poultry, LPAI H7, import restrictions

Avian Influenza -- ChileThe importing of Chilean turkey meat has been restricted in Argentina, Peru, and Hong Kong due to an outbreak of bird flu in central Chile. The outbreak, of a low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus, is under control, the Chilean State Agricultural and Livestock Service (SAG) reported on Wednesday [11 Sep 2019]."Regarding shipments of poultry and its products from Chile to various markets, the SAG has been notified of restrictions only on the part of Argentina, Peru, and Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Panama disease TR4, banana – Australia: (QL) spread

Other Plant Disease -- AustraliaDespite rigid biosecurity measures throughout north Queensland banana farms, the dreaded Panama tropical race 4 is spreading within the infested farms. Since the initial detection [in Queensland; ProMED-mail post] in 2015, there have been 3 farms with confirmed cases of TR4; however, the number of plants infected within those farms has increased to nearly 60, up from the initial 9 cases. On the infected properties, TR4 has Read more [...]

PRO> Tularemia – USA (03): (CO) wild rabbit

Tularemia -- United StatesA rabbit in Lafayette has tested positive for tularemia, public officials announced Friday [13 Sep 2019]. The animal was found along the 4900 block of 95th Street, according to Boulder County health officials.Tularemia is caused by the bacteria _Francisella tularensis_ and is typically found in animals, especially rabbits, rodents, and hares.Symptoms in humans include skin ulcers, swollen and painful lymph glands, inflamed eyes, sore throat, mouth sores, and more. Symptoms Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax – Italy (03): (PU) cattle, OIE

Anthrax -- ItalyInformation received on [and dated] 16 Sep 2019 from Dr. Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, ItalySummaryReport type: Immediate notificationDate of start of the event: 31 Aug 2019Date of confirmation of the event: 2 Sep 2019Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed diseaseDate of previous occurrence: 14 Dec 2018Manifestation of disease: Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever – Africa (13): Nigeria (BA)

Yellow Fever -- NigeriaThe Bauchi State Government yesterday [Sat 14 Sep 2019] unveiled anti-yellow fever campaign to immunise 500 000 people in Alkaleri and Tafawa Balewa Local Government Areas to curtail the spread of the acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes.The state governor, Senator Bala Mohammed disclosed the plan at the unveiling of aerial spray of Quella birds, mosquitoes and reactive vaccination in response to yellow fever at the Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis – North America (21): USA (MA) human

Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United StatesMassachusetts public health officials say laboratory testing has confirmed the state's 8th human case of eastern equine encephalitis [EEE] this season.The state Department of Public Health said on [Fri 13 Sep 2019] that the latest case of the mosquito-borne disease is in a man in his 50s from northeastern Bristol County. Of the previous 7 cases, one was in a 5-year-old girl, and another in adult woman was fatal.In addition to the 8 human cases of EEE, there Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Measles update (62)

Measles -- United StatesA 2nd person with a suspected case of the measles has been confirmed in York County, according to the Pennsylvania Secretary of Health. The state health department [Sat 14 Sep 2019] released a list of new locations, dates and times when individuals may have been exposed to the highly contagious disease. The 1st case was reported 2 weeks ago, and affected sites in York and Hershey."WellSpan Health is in the process of notifying patients, staff and visitors who were in WellSpan Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease – USA (15): new research, comments

Chronic Wasting Disease -- United StatesAs a wildlife disease ecologist, I've been asked my opinion on the scientific support for prions as the agent of chronic wasting disease (CWD). I have been studying CWD for 2 decades. The _Spiroplasma_ (bacteria) theory (1) has been around for years, but has recently resurfaced. I'll lay out the many reasons why prions are implicated in all transmissible spongiform encephalopathy diseases (TSE). No other infectious agent has the same amount of evidence.First Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Rubella – Japan (03): spread, travel alert

Rubella -- JapanA new report from Japan's National Institute of Infectious Disease (NIID) indicates the Rubella virus outbreak continues to spread. As of [4 Sep 2019], there have been 2156 Rubella cases reported by the NIID during 2019.This is an increase of about 260 rubella cases in Japan since July 2019. On a local basis, the city of Tokyo has reported 37% of Japan's 2019 Rubella cases.Since Rubella is very dangerous for a pregnant woman and her developing baby, the US Centers for Disease Control Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever – Asia (70): Philippines (RI, ND) spread, prevention

African Swine Fever -- PhilippinesMore cases of African swine fever [ASF] have been confirmed, this time in Quezon City.Speaking to CNN Philippines Saturday [14 Sep 2019], Quezon City mayor Joy Belmonte said, "I wanted to call (a meeting) today because I wanted to make decisions right away pertaining to this issue, but it's a weekend. But having said that, I did get to communicate with our city [veterinarian] ... I have been able to verify ... there are 3 pigs that have been found in a creek in Barangay* Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> West Nile Virus (33): Europe (Greece), ECDC update

West Nile Virus -- GreeceThe death toll from the West Nile virus since June this year has risen to 20, according to this week's report by the National Health Organization (EODY).Up until [12 Sep 2019], authorities had diagnosed a total of 176 cases of the mosquito-borne virus. Of these, 109 developed illnesses affecting the central nervous system such as encephalitis or meningitis.EODY is urging the public to spray insect repellent on bare skin and clothing, to install mosquito nets and screens, Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary – Pakistan (04) : (SD)

Amoeba -- PakistanOfficials with the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) report another fatality due to primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) from infection with the brain-eating amoeba, _Naegleria fowleri_. The 20-year-old, Malir man is the thirteenth death due to this parasite in Karachi to date this year [2019].According to the Pakistani news source, The News, Director General Health Sindh Dr. Masood Solangi said their teams of experts had started investigating the case and visited the Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Asia (20): Pakistan (SD), India (RJ)

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- PakistanA Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) patient died in a private hospital of Karachi. The death toll from the tick-born viral disease has climbed to 17 in the megacity this year (2019). Sindh Health Department confirmed the death of a 52-year old man, [HK], a resident of Lyari area of Karachi who died in private hospital of the city due to CCHF. The patient was brought to hospital a few days ago with fever where he was diagnosed.The tick-born viral disease Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever – Japan (09): (ST, YN) domestic, spread

Classical Swine Fever -- JapanJapan's agriculture ministry said Friday [13 Sep 2019] that [classical] swine fever [CSF] infections have occurred at a pig farm in the city of Chichibu, Saitama Prefecture, part of the country's Kanto eastern region, which also includes Tokyo.It is the 1st time that a CSF fever case has been confirmed in Kanto since the 1st outbreak of the infectious disease in the country in 26 years was detected in September [2018], in the central prefecture of Gifu.The latest outbreak Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Antibiotic resistance (06): Italy (TC) fatal, NDM-1, nosocomial

Hospital-Related Infection -- ItalyA superbug outbreak has been reported in the Italian region of Tuscany. Authorities in Tuscany, home to some of Italy's most visited tourist attractions, have stepped up hospital controls after a deadly outbreak of the New Delhi superbug.The antibiotic-resistant killer has shown "significant diffusion in the northwestern area of Tuscany" since November 2018, infecting at least 75 people, local health authority ARS said. The bacterial disease is believed to have Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other – India (27): (AS)

Japanese Encephalitis -- IndiaJapanese encephalitis (JE) has killed 154 people in Assam in 2019, the highest in 5 years officials said even as they claimed that the outbreak, which peaked in July and August, was subsiding and only a few fresh cases were reported in September.A top state government official also said a state-wide adult vaccination campaign will begin in November [2019] covering all districts after the Centre agreed to provide around 57 lakh [5.7 million] vaccines."From [15 Nov 2019], Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (89): Congo (NK,IT) Tanzania case update, NOT Ebola

Ebola -- TanzaniaThe World Health Organization (WHO) said on [12 Sep 2019] that it had deployed a technical team to the country to cooperate with the health ministry [see Archive Undiagnosed illness - Tanzania: fatal, WHO team deployment, RFI].The government of Tanzania said on Saturday [14 Sep 2019] that there has been no confirmed case of Ebola in the country. This comes [2 days] after WHO said it was investigating "as a matter of urgency" a "rumor" of Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis – North America (20): USA (RI) deer

Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United StatesState officials said Wednesday [11 Sep 2019] that Eastern equine encephalitis had been detected in a deer in Richmond, the 2nd such case in Rhode Island during the current outbreak of the mosquito-borne virus. The state Department of Environmental Management (DEM) reported the 1st deer infection a day earlier [10 Sep 2019] in Coventry.With deer season opening [15 Sep 2019], DEM said it was emailing about 1200 hunters who have recently purchased 2019 deer Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (88): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, summaries, front line, response

Ebola — DR Congo

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness – Tanzania: fatal, WHO team deployment, RFI

Undiagnosed -- TanzaniaThe World Health Organization (WHO) is aware of a rumour related to the death of a person due to an unknown illness in Tanzania. We have reached out to Ministry of Health officials for further details and have offered our support.In line with our responsibility under the International Health Regulations, WHO regularly receives and investigates numerous rumours of public health events.In this regard, WHO is working with national health authorities and is deploying a technical Read more [...]

PRO/EDR> Vaping-related illness – USA (02): flavoring ban

Other Human Disease -- United StatesPresident Trump announced Wednesday [11 Sep 2019] the administration will move to force e-cigarette companies to take flavored vaping products off the market, as young people's use of them continues to rise and reports emerge of deaths and illnesses tied to vaping."Vaping has become a very big business, as I understand it, but we can't allow people to get sick and allow our youth to be so affected," Trump said.The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced plans Read more [...]

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed disease, cocoa – Ghana: (AH)

Undiagnosed -- GhanaCocoa farmers in Ashanti region are in a quandary after a "strange disease" that is yet to be identified has destroyed their crops. They helplessly look on while their cocoa trees keep dying. Some of the farmers stated that they started witnessing the strange calamity about 3 weeks ago.This is the 1st time they are experiencing such an onslaught in the area. [They] claimed that, for apparently no reason, some of their cocoa trees started dying under mysterious circumstances. The Read more [...]

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease – USA (14): new research

Chronic Wasting Disease -- United StatesRapid spreading of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in wildlife and captive cervid populations has exposed lack of progress in dealing with the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) of humans and animals. Since the TSE transmissible agent was resistant to extremes in environmental and chemical treatments, focus was on an unconventional agent including the prion theory. Recent breakthrough research has revealed consistent isolation of a novel _Spiroplasma_ Read more [...]